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HEALTH AND HEALTH CARE INNOVATION

Past Program

Overview

Measurement is fundamental to advancing improvement. However, there is not presently a broadly agreed upon set of metrics to understand the current state of patient safety. There are critical measurement gaps in key settings, such as ambulatory care, and the current measurement methodology fails to detect all instances of errors and harms, and is often reactive rather than proactive.

Over the last 15 years, safety measurement has become routine in many areas of health care. However, unlike with other aspects of quality, there is not presently consensus on a set of metrics to understand the current state of patient safety. There are critical measurement gaps in measuring safety in key emerging settings such as ambulatory care and in measuring the use of low-value care. The current measurement methodology, which often relies on retrospective surveillance via claims data or chart reviews, fails to detect all instances of errors and harms or the level of safety in the health care we deliver.

Poorly devised or under-utilized metrics carry the potential for unintended negative consequences. For example, one particularly common measure – “total adverse events” – may be too heterogeneous to provide meaningful data for improvement, yet it is often used as a primary metric for assessing patient safety. Current measures predominantly focus on inpatient safety rather than safety across the entire continuum and are retrospective and reactive, not allowing for the identification and measurement of risks and hazards before an adverse event occurs. They may also fail to adequately represent what is meaningful to patients (including emotional harm and disrespectful behavior).

The safety field needs to develop a set of meaningful measures that accurately assess the safety of patient care and focus on improvements of care across the continuum. At this meeting, we will utilize a comprehensive view of harm to inform the creation of recommendations for a framework to guide the development of more effective measures and collection strategies, and to help ensure validity of effective measures for safety, error, and harm through the lens of various stakeholders, including the patient. We will focus on cross-continuum measures that support the safety of patients and the healthcare workforce with the ultimate aim of developing design principles and recommendations for a framework of actionable areas of measurement focused on learning and improvement that can be applied in high, medium, and low-income countries

KEY QUESTIONS

  • Challenges of measurement: What are the unintended consequences and limitations of current measurement practices? How do these vary around the globe? What are the potential unintended consequences of a new framework for measurement, and how might they be mitigated?
  • The role of proactive and reactive measurement: What are the benefits of proactive data and reactive data? How can each type of measure be used to understand and address both harm and risk? How and when should each type of measure be used, and how can these measures be most useful to systems, clinicians, and patients?
  • The role of patients: What is the role of patients in measurement? What role can and should patient-reported measures play in measuring harm and system safety?
  • The role of novel methods of data collection: How do organizations and countries around the globe collect data (e.g. electronic health records, chart reviews, or administrative data) for measuring safety and/or harm? How can new technologies, big data, artificial intelligence, or other innovations be best developed and implemented to promote improved measurement for learning?
  • Measuring across the continuum of care: What types of measures matter in settings outside of hospitals, such as ambulatory practices, community-based and home health, nursing homes, etc. and as the patient journeys through the health care system? How does collection and analysis of data vary across these environments, and how can a potential framework reduce these challenges?
  • Measures for the broader definition of harm: What measures should be considered to cover a broader definition of harm (e.g., emotional harm and disrespect)? How can organizations measure the psychological safety of patients? How should organizations measure the both the physical and psychological safety of staff and clinicians?
  • National and international action to advance measurement: What are countries doing around the world? What national or international protocols are in place or necessary to develop and validate measures? How can a framework influence developers and processes around the globe? What policies and incentives currently exist, and which could or should be considered?

PARTICIPANT PROFILE

This program will bring together around 50 participants, including global healthcare leaders, researchers and design thinkers, patients, providers, and experts in measurement, quality improvement, operations, and informatics from measurement and patient safety-focused organizations around the globe.

PROGRAM FORMAT

This program will be highly participatory, with a strong focus on synthesizing experience from different settings. The program will combine presentations and panel discussions with group conversations and participant-led group work to develop an actionable, cross-continuum framework for safety measurement.

EXPECTED OUTCOME AND IMPACT

This program will seek to create:

  • A consensus paper outlining recommendations for a framework focused on improving measurement of safety and harm for learning, improvement, and accountability;
  • Principles for evaluating the actionability and effectiveness of existing measures and the development of new measures for system safety;
  • Recommendations for implementing the framework and selecting valuable measures for health care providers and systems; and
  • An ongoing collaboration among participants and their institutions, including policymakers, to implement the recommendations and improve tools and guidelines for measurement.

Newsletters

Issue One (Friday, September 6, 2019)

Issue Two (Sunday, September 8, 2019)

Issue Three (Tuesday, September 10, 2019)

Issues One, Two, and Three

Virtual Library

Adler, Lee, Impact of Inpatient Harms on Hospital Finances and Patient Clinical Outcomes, Journal of Patient Safety, 2018 June, 14(2): 67-73.

Bates, David W, and Hardeep Singh, Two Decades Since To Err Is Human: An Assessment Of Progress And Emerging Priorities In Patient Safety, Health Affairs, November, 2018.

Classen, David, and others, An Electronic Health Record–Based Real-Time Analytics Program For Patient Safety Surveillance And Improvement, Health Affairs 37, Nr. 11, 2018.

Improving Diagnostic Quality and Safety, National Quality Forum, Final Report 19 September, 2017.

Jylling Erik, Moving Measurement into Action  – Moving from accreditation to an improvement approach, PowerPoint Presentation, Danish Regions.

McDonald, Kathryn, and others, Measures of Patient Safety Based on Hospital Administrative Data - The Patient Safety Indicators,  Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US),  2002 (Technical Reviews, No. 5.).

Murphy, Daniel R, and others, Application of electronic trigger tools to identify targets for improving diagnostic safety, BMJ Qual Saf 2019;28:151–159.

Sammer, Christine, and others, Developing and Evaluating an Automated All-Cause Harm Trigger System, The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety 2017.

Marlena Shin and others, Examining the Validity of AHRQ's Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs): Is Variation in PSI Composite Score Related to Hospital Organizational Factors?. Medical care research and review : MCRR. 71. 10.1177/1077558714556894.

Measure Sets and Measurement Systems. National Quality Forum.

Singh, Hardeep, The global burden of diagnostic errors in primary care,  BMJ Qual Saf 2017;26:484–494.

Singh, Hardeep and Dean F. Sittig, Advancing the science of measurement of diagnostic errors in healthcare: the Safer Dx framework, BMJ Qual Saf 2015;24: 103–110.

Singh, Hardeep and Dean F. Sittig, Measuring and improving patient safety through health information technology: The Health IT Safety Framework, BMJ Qual Saf 2016;25: 226–232.

Vincent, Charles, and others, The Measurement and Monitoring of Safety, Health Foundation, 2013.

Vincent, Charles and others, Safety measurement and monitoring in healthcare: a framework to guide clinical teams and healthcare organisations in maintaining safety, BMJ, Qual Saf, 2014,

Vincent, Charles and René Amalberti, Safer Healthcare: Strategies for the Real World, Springer International Publishing, 2016.

Vincent, Charles and René Amalberti, Safety in Healthcare is a Moving Target, BMJ Journals, Volume 24, Issue 9.

Wachter, Robert M, Patient Safety at Ten: Unmistakable Progess, Troubling Gaps, Health Affairs 29, No 1 (2010): 165-173.

Program Agenda

The program can be downloaded here.

Participants

Nor Aishah Abu Bakar
Head of Patient Safety Unit, Ministry of Health, Malaysia
Ernest Asiedu
Head, Quality Management Unit, Ministry of Health, Ghana
Donald Berwick
President Emeritus and Senior Fellow, Institute for Healthcare Improvement; Former Administrator, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, USA
Jolanta Bilinska
Champion and Past Chair, PFPS , IAPO, Poland
Jeffrey Brady
Director, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Center for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety, USA
Ian Brownwood
Coordinator, Health Care Quality and Outcomes Program, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), France
Riccardo Chiarelli
Founder and Managing Director, Onda Consulting ltd; Manager of Global Performance Analysis, World Association of Nuclear Operators, UK
David Classen
CMIO, Pascal Metrics; Professor of Medicine, University of Utah; Cconsultant in Infectious Diseases and Clinical Epidemiology, The University of Utah School of Medicine in Salt Lake City, USA
Karen Cosby
Emergency Medicine Physician; Core Academic Faculty Member, Cook County Hospital and Rush Medical College, USA
Maryanne D'Arpino
Leader and Certified Health Executive, Canadian Patient Safety Institute (CPSI), Canada
Gina De Souza
Senior Program Manager, Safety Improvement Project Learning Collaboratives, Canadian Patient Safety Institute (CPSI), Canada
Neelam Dhingra-Kumar
Coordinator for Patient Safety and Risk Management, World Health Organization, Switzerland
Susan Edgman-Levitan
Executive Director, John D. Stoeckle Center for Primary Care Innovation, Massachusetts General Hospital, USA
Frank Federico
Vice President and Senior Safety Expert, Institute for Healthcare Improvement, USA
Karen Wolk Feinstein
Founding and Current President and Chief Executive Officer, Jewish Healthcare Foundation, USA
Aidan Fowler
National Director of Patient Safety in England; DCMO at DHSC, UK
Ezequiel Garcia Elorrio
Director Health Care Quality and Patient Safety, Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy, Argentina
Doris Grinspun
Chief Executive Officer, Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario (RNAO), Canada
Erik Hollnagel
Senior Professor of Patient Safety, Jönköping University (Sweden); Visiting Professorial Fellow, Macquarie University (Australia); Adjunct Professor, Central Queensland University (Australia); Visiting Fellow, Institute for Advanced Study, Technische U
Joellen Huebner
Senior Project Manager, Institute for Healthcare Improvement, USA
Usman Iqbal
Assistant Professor and Digital Health Consultant, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan
John James
Retired Chief Toxicologist, US National Aeronautics and Space Administration; Founder, Patient Safety America, USA
Gustavo Janot de Matos
Critical Care and Patient Safety Physician, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Brazil
Jens Winther Jensen
CEO and Medical Director, The Danish Clinical Registries and Quality Improvement Program (RKKP), Denmark
Erik Jylling
Executive Vice President, Danish Regions, Denmark
Gary Kaplan
Chairman and CEO, Virginia Mason Health System, USA
Basia Kutryba
Founding Member and Vice President, Polish Society for Quality Promotion in Healthcare; Senior Advisor, National Centre for Quality Assessment in Health Care(NCQA), Poland
Ana de Fatima Masse
Project Manager, Mexican Institute for Competitiveness, Mexico
Kathryn McDonald
Senior Scholar and Executive Director, Center for Health Policy at Stanford University's Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, USA
Patricia McGaffigan
Vice President, Patient Safety Programs, Institute for Healthcare Improvement; President, Certification Board for Professionals in Patient Safety, USA
Gregg Meyer
Chief Clinical Officer, Partners HealthCare, USA
Julianne Morath
Former President and CEO, California Hospital Quality Institute, USA
Mariam Kamoga Namata
Executive Director, CHAIN Uganda
Marina Renton
Research Assistant, Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), USA
Vibeke Rischel
Deputy CEO, Danish Society for Patient Safety (PS!), Denmark
Lisa Simpson
President and Chief Executive Officer, AcademyHealth, USA
Hardeep Singh
Chief, Health Policy, Quality and Informatics Program, Houston VA Center for Innovations; Professor of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, USA
Shin Ushiro
Professor and Director/Executive Board Member, Kyushu University Hospital/Japan Council for Quality Health, Japan
Charles Vincent
Director, Oxford Healthcare Improvement Centre, UK
Johanna Westbrook
Professor and Director, Centre for Health Systems and Safety Research, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Macquarie University, Australia
Eyal Zimlichman
Chief Medical Officer and Chief Innovation Officer, Sheba Medical Center, Israel

SESSION PARTNER