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Apr 29 - May 03, 2019

Bridging Worlds: How Can We Use Business and Economic Development Strategies to Support Better Health?

Session 616
Where a person stands in the labor market – such as whether they have a job that pays enough to live on – is key to their financial security and wellbeing. And that person’s wellbeing throughout their life is also crucial to employers, businesses and the economy as a whole. Inclusive economic growth has the potential to be mutually beneficial to business, economic development and health. Yet, joined-up strategies between businesses and health and economic policymakers are lacking. Life expectancy and healthy life expectancy data can provide a barometer into overall population health and the disparities that exist between different groups. There are entrenched health inequalities between and within countries that are unacceptable. As an example, across the UK in 2014 to 2016, the gap in healthy life expectancy (HLE) at birth between local areas with highest and lowest average HLE was 18.4 years for females and 15.6 years for males[1]. It can be argued that health inequalities (and other socio-economic inequalities) represent a failure of government to maximize the social and economic potential of its population. The health of a population has a complex, multi-directional relationship with other social and economic outcomes. It is widely accepted that income, access to education and work have an impact on health outcomes and that there is a social gradient in health (the lower a person’s social position, the worse his or her health). There is a growing recognition that the proceeds of economic growth should be shared more equally across the population, i.e. that growth should be more inclusive. Such a strategy has the potential to be mutually beneficial to business and economic development sectors but also health. For example, the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) virtuous cycle of inclusive growth[2] describes a self-reinforcing cycle in which rising economic output and social inclusion are mutually supportive. The WEF also argues there is no inherent trade-off in economic policymaking between the promotion of social inclusion and that of long-term economic growth and competitiveness. Through this program, we want to explore the role that business should have as the driver of the economy in creating more inclusive economies and the extent to which the role of business in improving health should go beyond the individual employment relationship and move to systems-level thinking as envisaged by the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We are also interested in the role of statutory authorities and the role that policies and legislative and fiscal frameworks have in supporting more inclusive economies. A further line of inquiry will examine the future demographic, social and economic trends that are changing the world of work and the ways in which the population will interact with businesses as consumers. There has been high profile policy discussion on the role of automation, the gig economy and universal basic income. However, more could be done to fully understand the impact that these trends will have on our health and in turn, what that might mean for society (particularly for deprived populations), the economy and individual businesses. Now is the time to use the coming changes to shape policies to promote inclusivity and improve health. At the heart of the program is the desire to create opportunities for dialogue across distinct sectors. The SDGs provide a framework for cross-sector action and the translation of benefits from one sector to another. PROGRAM FORMAT This highly-interactive program, held at Schloss Leopoldskron, home of Salzburg Global Seminar, will prioritize opportunities for cross-border sharing and learning.  The program will commence at 3.30pm on Monday, April 29, 2019 with an introductory session and a welcome dinner. The formal sessions will finish by the end of the day on Thursday, May 2. There will be an optional gala dinner and accommodation will be provided on the Thursday evening for those departing on the Friday.  Participants will focus on building new insights and aggregating perspectives and experiences from relevant sectors, areas of expertise and regions. Working groups, each with a thematic and/or country focus, will prepare recommendations for action by different target audiences.  PARTICIPANT PROFILE For this program, Salzburg Global Seminar seeks to bring together cross-sector and cross-generational change-makers to tackle complex challenges and bridge the worlds of business, health and economic development. Participants of this program will form an international group of country teams drawn from diverse sectors – policymakers, business representatives, academics and representatives from civil society – to explore the intersection between economic development and health. KEY QUESTIONS Over the course of the four-day program, participants will address the following questions:What role do businesses play in promoting inclusive economies within the communities in which they are based? To what extent is this role health enhancing? What policies, legislative and fiscal frameworks have been effective in promoting more inclusive economies? Who should be responsible for closing regional gaps in opportunity? How can local areas best take advantage of emerging employment opportunities as a route to more inclusive economies?  What will demographic, consumer and technological trends mean for the way we work? What in turn will this mean for our health (i.e. how will trends affecting the future of work in turn affect our health)? How can we best use these changing trends to design in health enhancing policies? How can we ensure that policies support individuals to flourish at different stages of the life course? And how can we plan for emerging trends that will change the way in which young people today might experience the world of work as they age?  How do we ensure that adoption of changing and new jobs roles (and the loss of existing roles) due to technological change improve health and do not exacerbate existing health inequalities? What can be done to address these risks and what can be done to support areas already experiencing disadvantage?  How are different countries seeking to achieve alignment across sectors with reference to the SDGs? What policies or programs are the most effective? What does this mean for organizations or sectors doing this in practice? What capabilities do we need to build in the system to make the most of the systemic interconnected approach that the SDGs encourage?OUTCOMES AND IMPACT This program will seek to:Facilitate dialogue and continued cross-border learning across a diverse range of sectors including those with a responsibility for the public’s health, economic development, poverty reduction and business. Identify best practice in order promote better strategic alignment between initiatives designed to promote inclusive growth and initiatives designed to promote better health and reduce health inequalities. Develop a Salzburg Statement and other policy recommendations in relation to the future of work and its impact on health.
Sep 05 - Sep 10, 2019

Moving Measurement into Action: Redesigning a Global Framework for Measuring Patient Safety

Session 622
Measurement is fundamental to advancing improvement, though unlike other aspects of health care, metrics for safety are not always evidence-based. There are critical measurement gaps in key settings, such as ambulatory care, and the current measurement methodology fails to detect all instances of errors, harms and “never events.” As part of the Health and Health Care Innovation series, the program will utilize a comprehensive view of harm to develop collection strategies, and ensure the effectiveness of measures for safety, error, and harm. The program will focus on cross-continuum measures supporting the safety of patients and healthcare workers that can be applied across high, medium, and low-income countries. Over the last 15 years, measurement has become routine in many areas of health care. However, unlike with other aspects of quality, metrics for safety are not always evidence-based. There are critical measurement gaps in key emerging settings, such as ambulatory care and the use of low-value care. The current measurement methodology, which often relies on retrospective surveillance via claims data or chart reviews, fails to detect all instances of errors, harms and “never events.” Poorly devised or under-utilized metrics carry the potential for unintended negative consequences. For example, one particularly common measure – “total adverse events” – may be too heterogeneous to provide meaningful data for improvement, yet it is often used as a primary metric for assessing patient safety. Current measures predominantly focus on inpatient safety rather than safety across the entire continuum and are retrospective and reactive, not allowing for the identification and measurement of risks and hazards before an adverse event occurs. They may also fail to adequately represent what is meaningful to patients (e.g. emotional harm). The safety field needs to develop a set of meaningful measures that accurately assess the safety of patient care and focus improvements on care across the continuum. At this program, we will utilize a comprehensive view of harm to inform the creation of a framework to guide the development of more effective measures and collection strategies, and to ensure validity of effective measures for safety, error, and harm. We will focus on cross-continuum measures that support the safety of patients and the healthcare workforce with the ultimate aim of developing design principles and a framework of actionable areas of measurement focused on learning and improvement that can be applied in high, medium, and low-income countries. KEY QUESTIONSChallenges of measurement: What are the unintended consequences and limitations of current measurement practices? How do these vary around the globe? What are the potential unintended consequences of a new framework for measurement, and how might they be mitigated? The role of proactive and reactive measurement: What are the benefits of proactive data and reactive data? How can each type of measure be used to understand and address both harm and risk? How and when should each type of measure be used, and how can these measures be most useful to systems, clinicians, and patients? The role of patients: What is the role of patients in measurement? What role can and should patient-reported measures play in measuring harm and system safety? The role of novel methods of data collection: How do organizations and countries around the globe collect data (e.g. electronic health records and or patient-reported measures) for measuring safety and/or harm? How can new technologies, big data, artificial intelligence, or other innovations be best developed and implemented to promote improved measurement for learning? Measuring across the continuum of care: What types of measures matter in settings outside of hospitals, such as ambulatory practices, community-based and home health, nursing homes, etc.? How does collection and analysis of data vary across these environments, and how can a potential framework reduce these challenges? National and international action to advance measurement: What are countries doing around the world? What national or international protocols are in place or necessary to develop and validate measures? How can a framework influence developers and processes around the globe? What policies and incentives currently exist, and which could or should be considered?PARTICIPANT PROFILE This program will bring together around 50 participants, including global healthcare leaders, researchers and design thinkers, patients, providers, and experts in measurement, quality improvement, operations, and informatics from measurement and patient safety-focused organizations around the globe. PROGRAM FORMAT This program will be highly participatory, with a strong focus on synthesizing experience from different settings. The program will combine presentations and panel discussions with group conversations and participant-led group work to develop an actionable, cross-continuum framework for safety measurement. EXPECTED OUTCOME AND IMPACT This program will seek to create:A consensus paper outlining a framework focused on re-establishing system measurement of safety and harm for learning, improvement, and accountability; Principles for evaluating the effectiveness of existing measures and the development of new measures for system safety; Recommendations for implementing the framework and selecting valuable measures for health care providers and systems; and An ongoing collaboration among participants and their institutions, including policymakers, to implement the framework and improve tools and guidelines for measurement.
Jun 23 - Jun 25, 2019

Financial Services in the 2020s: Tectonic Shifts and New Landscapes

Session 621
The geopolitical landscape and the global economy are going through tectonic shifts with the pace of global growth becoming less vigorous and balanced. What are the new risks and opportunities? What impact will these changes have on a global financial system that is already being transformed by technology and digitalization? How can policymakers and financial institutions best respond? The Salzburg Global Finance Forum tackles issues critical to financial markets, their participants and global economic growth and stability. The Forum facilitates candid in-depth analysis of strategic challenges and emerging risks by senior and rising leaders from financial services firms, supervisory and regulatory authorities, public policy leaders and professional service providers. The 2019 program will focus on key long-term trends and scenarios for financial services. With the changes in US trade policy and the disruption caused a post-Brexit UK and Europe, Asia’s increasingly supportive stance toward open trade and financial flows and China’s announced expansion of its financial market opening have the potential to shift the center of gravity and alter the nature of the financial services industry over the course of the next decade. At the same time, global growth is slowing, markets are fragmenting, and politics are front and center. What are the major risks we need to understand and manage as they relate to economic growth and opportunity? What are the prospects for new and sustainable growth in the future? Sustainable finance is key to ensuring long-term competitiveness of the global economy. Capital markets and the financial sector have a central role to play in reorienting and scaling up capital flows towards sustainable investments as well as in management of financial risks stemming from climate change, environmental degradation and social issues. Official sector and private-led initiatives (the European Commission’s Action Plan for Financing Sustainable Growth, and the FSB Task Force on Climate Related Financial Disclosures, among others) have accelerated the awareness of climate related financial risks and the importance of scaling up green financing. Now financial institutions together with investors, public authorities, civil society and other stakeholders need to advance an appropriate coordination between legislative and market initiatives to change the current short-term behavior of financial markets into a long-term perspective that includes environmental and social considerations, consistent with the interests of investors. In addition to these megatrends, the continuing advancement of technology and digitalization of assets are changing access, speed and participation in markets. The digital ecosystem is evolving with many unanswered questions with regard to the privacy landscape and data ownership. Regulations are proliferating in this space, with multiple industries affected. Regulators and supervisors have to monitor external risks and tipping points ever more closely whilst optimizing technologies and data analytics to keep in step with fast-moving markets. Cybersecurity will continue to be an important prerequisite for maintaining trust and stability among market participants, particularly given the potential for system-wide disruption caused by a cyber-attack. The rapid pace of innovation poses challenges to a regulatory framework that is national in nature and is defined by legal entities rather than activities. In addition, a growing number of actors are not subject to traditional banking regulation. This raises questions about how effectively to conduct regulatory and supervisory activities. This challenge is becoming more acute as regulatory approaches to financial innovation diverge in the US, Europe and Asia. Is this divergence potentially jeopardizing a concerted global response to any future financial crisis or is it a source of competitive advantage to be welcomed? Are the policies in this space consistent with other public policy objectives (e.g. regarding privacy or systemic risk)? KEY QUESTIONS Forum partcipants will address a set of critical questions, including: Geopolitical Shifts and Drivers of Global ChangeWhat are the opportunities and challenges of the changing economic and financial landscape, particularly with regard to China’s growing influence and market dynamics? What are the risks to growth? What are the distributional effects, i.e. who are the winners and losers? How is technology impacting China’s ability to compete across the globe? What is the impact of Brexit on financial markets and the Capital Market Union Project? Will the current slowdown be worsened by trade wars and protectionism?Long-Term Investments and Sustainable FinanceWhat are the impacts on sustained and inclusive growth of technological transformation/disruption? How can the financial industry work together with investors and other stakeholders to create an effective and efficient sustainable finance ecosystem and facilitate long-term investment?Technology, Digitalization and Regulation Is the hyper-connectivity of the digital era a force for good? How do we harness new technologies to help build an inclusive, transparent and accountable digital economy without accelerating inequality, polarization and mistrust? Do financial institutions and their regulators have the right skillsets and are they focusing on the right things? How can we create a regulatory framework that takes into account changes to market structure, such as access, new players, level of competition, etc.? Do regulators have the appropriate mandate/ authority in this new digitized world? Can regulation evolve enough to allow for widespread us of tools like machine learning and AI? Is there an adequate framework in place to evaluate a cumulative impact of market changes on financial stability? What might cause the next financial crisis? Do we have enough foresight to coordinate prevention and response?International GovernanceWhat international governance is needed for the new technology era? What is the future of global financial institutions responsible for regulatory and policy matters? Are they still fit for purpose in this new world? Is Asia adequately represented on these policy bodies and if not, will it go its own way fragmenting the global concord?PARTICIPANT PROFILE The Salzburg Global Finance Forum brings together senior leaders and rising specialists as a community of peers. Participants will include senior and rising leaders from financial services firms (including commercial and investment banks, asset managers, private equity and pension funds, and fintech companies), supervisory and regulatory authorities, public policy leaders and professional service providers (including law firms and consultancies). SESSION FORMAT The intensive two-day session will include panel-led discussions, in-depth working groups, and an Oxford-style evening debate. This highly-interactive session takes place in a retreat-like setting of Schloss Leopoldskron, which facilitates trust, networking and in-depth conversations. Small group discussions allow intense explorations of specific aspects of the general themes before returning to the plenary to refine conclusions.  An executive summary report will be published within two weeks of the program.
Sep 20 - Sep 24, 2019

The Changing Role of the Media in American Life and Culture: Emerging Trends

The USA has never had so many sources with which to inform itself and the world. But while the options of how to consume news are broadening, consumers’ views are narrowing. The rise of 24-hour TV news channels, hyper-partisan advertising and social media is widening cultural, political and social divides in the United States. At the 2019 SSASA symposium, academics and practitioners will explore how the news media has developed an increased political role. In addition to its traditional communications goal of informing and shaping domestic and worldwide understanding, and alongside the three traditional branches of government – the executive, legislature and judiciary – the media has become a more active and significant institutional political part of an increasingly polarized America. What does the future hold? No longer constrained to city morning papers, top-of-the-hour updates or evening newscasts, Americans now have more choice in when, how and where they access their news. In addition to the traditional newspapers, radio stations and TV channels, mobile apps, podcasts, blogs, online video channels, social media networks also capture conventional audiences. The producers and publishers of this news are just as varied, from global conglomerates to independent bloggers and malicious bots.  Education, geography, race, political leanings and age have all long influenced how Americans access and consume their news. Aided by algorithms, social media platforms show content tailored to their users’ existing political views, homogeneous communities and specific demographics.  Social media has also made it easier to publish and share content from news producers at all levels of professionalism and purposes, whether delivering objective reporting, serving niche audiences, advancing political viewpoints, or sowing deliberate discord. Many readers, however, lack the media literacy necessary to discern what news is “real” and what is “fake,” preferring instead to consume and share news that supports rather than opposes their view of “the truth.” Trust in both news outlets and social media platforms is waning. Although freedom of the press is enshrined in the First Amendment, the US is sliding down the World Press Freedom Rankings – a slide that pre-dates but is accelerated by the current administration and its declaration of the media as the “enemy of the people.” With today’s global access to news online, anyone can now read, watch and listen to America’s coverage of itself as well as that produced by their own countries’ and others’ correspondents. But shrinking revenues have reduced both the spread of national and foreign correspondents and the depth of local and international news coverage. Despite diversity initiatives and some gender advances, cultural issues remain a challenge for the media.    Many of these issues are not uniquely American, but how the USA responds to these challenges will have wide-ranging implications for media markets around the world and how they in turn positively or adversely affect their own countries. KEY QUESTIONSHow has the American media landscape and the world’s news consumption habits changed in America and abroad in past decades? What have been the main drivers of these changes?  What appears to be the motive and purpose of those who are producing and publishing the news?  Why do many Americans appear to have lost trust in the news media an how can the industry regain trust and remain objective in an age of “alternative facts”? How is the American media landscape influencing other countries’ media markets and the image of America abroad and how, in turn, is America being influenced by its image in the world How can the American media fulfill its communication and emerging political role as an institution of American democracy and how are the executive, legislature and judiciary likely to react to this new political involvement? What does the future look like for the US media, its consumers and its role in American culture and democracy?PROGRAM FORMAT The intensive four-day session will include thematic presentations and panel-led discussions by distinguished speakers and participants, as well as small in-depth discussion groups to maximize cross-sector interaction with everyone present. The highly interactive session takes place at Schloss Leopoldskron, the historic home of Salzburg Global Seminar. PARTICIPANT PROFILE Salzburg Seminar American Studies Association (SSASA) symposia are intended to connect scholars and professional leaders from around the world to build collaborative networks for research and debate. The 2019 meeting – the 17th SSASA symposium – will bring together approximately 45 participants from more than 25 countries. Speakers and participants will include individuals with expertise in the current American media landscape, as well as academics teaching about the United States in universities around the world.
May 30 - Jun 04, 2019

Partnerships for Urban Wellbeing and Resilience: Harnessing Nature and Protected Areas for the Sustainable Development Goals

Session 620
Cities play a key role in meeting the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals. Linked to their broader land- and seascapes, urban centers are often highly dependent on the ecosystems of their surrounding protected areas and natural habitats. Parks, protected areas and other nature-rich spaces in and around cities can provide major nature-based solutions to challenges of public health, climate change, and urban resilience. This program, part of the Parks for the Planet Forum, will convene thought leaders, change-makers and policymakers from different regions and disciplines. Together, they will look at how to promote awareness of the crucial role and benefits of nature for urban communities and encourage policies, investments and partnerships to mainstream nature-rich areas in and around cities as a critical component of urban health and resilience.    
Feb 06 - Feb 09, 2019

Citizen Diplomacy at the Crossroads: Activating Networks for Change

Session 632
Participation by invitation only Today’s democracies are facing a volatile period of rising nationalism, populism and challenges to the international liberal order. Countering these negative trends will take concerted efforts from leaders in governments, corporations and civil society. There is a vital role to be played by ordinary citizens, too. As citizen diplomats, they can support civil society and build understanding across borders. To expand citizen diplomacy, Salzburg Global Seminar, as part of the Global Leadership Consortium (GLC) together with German Marshall Fund of the United States and the Kellogg Fellows Leadership Alliance, is holding a three-day immersive learning program at its historic home, Schloss Leopoldskron, for directors of global leadership and fellowship programs to innovate together and strengthen the roles of their fellows as citizen diplomats and increase their collective impact. The GLC was launched in 2012 and provides an informal peer-learning network for directors of more than 20 global leadership and fellowship programs working across borders. The February 2019 program at Schloss Leopoldskron will be the GLC’s first-ever convening outside of the US and will extend its reach to include bilateral leadership programs serving the US and Europe as well as other select regions.  
Dec 08 - Dec 13, 2019

Education and Workforce Opportunities for Refugees and Migrants

Session 630
At 68.5 million, the global number of forcibly displaced people is at its highest since the end of the Second World War. Over half of all refugees are children and they face massive educational disadvantages. Their lack of access to education hinders not only their own wellbeing and future prospects, but also the future of both their own and host countries. Building on recent Education for Tomorrow’s World programs on language policy and social and emotional learning, this program will bring together experts, policymakers and practitioners from a wide range of organizations, sectors and countries to develop policy and financing solutions that can create better education outcomes and life chances for both refugees and displaced people and their host communities. 
Mar 10 - Mar 15, 2019

Social and Emotional Learning: Time for Action

Session 633
Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) is one of the hottest topics in global education today. Evidence shows that SEL can help young people acquire the skills to thrive in the fourth industrial revolution and shape new jobs and career pathways. SEL skills can also help communities and populations grapple with complex change and advance the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). SEL skills help refugee and migrant children adapt to their new environments and can help host communities better prepare and adapt to demographic changes. There is also a compelling evidence base that shows how SEL programs help with academic attainment, can reduce bullying in schools and can help with mental health in a wide variety of situations, including in post-traumatic contexts. On the demand side, there are compelling calls from around the world for the systematic development and embedding of social and emotional learning opportunities in education systems. Unusually, these demand side drivers are now coming from industry, private sector and economists as well as from education, health, aid, development and civil society organizations  On the supply side, however, it is still rare to find SEL opportunities integrated at a system-wide level in national education sectors or embedded across education responses to crises and emergencies.  At global level, the three most frequently cited barriers relate to teacher preparation, curriculum design, and perceived challenges around measurement and assessment. There are also significant constituencies who for different reasons do not consider SEL opportunities to be important and relevant in education. Recent years have seen the emergence and/or expansion of a number of national and regional SEL initiatives in different parts of the world. Despite this, there are few, if any, opportunities for leaders, influencers, researchers and practitioners from different networks, be they mainstream, crisis, and conflict or extra-curricular to share their insights and learning  This program – the latest in Salzburg Global Seminar’s series on Education for Tomorrow’s World – will connect key stakeholders across sectors, regions and cultures to share and critique a range of policies and practice, analyzing what has or has not worked in order to develop scalable recommendations for future educational reform. The March 2019 program will build on insights from the series of regional and global workshops organized by Salzburg Global and partners in order to advance solutions to the key challenges that hinder the implementation of SEL programs in education systems and institutional practice around the world. Participants from across the world will explore best SEL practices in different geographic and cultural settings, including education in crisis and emergency contexts, to develop tools and approaches to help scale up SEL to meet the needs of societies and economies of the future.  PROGRAM FORMAT This five-day highly-interactive session, held at Schloss Leopoldskron, home of Salzburg Global Seminar, will provide a retreat environment to stimulate new thinking and insights around ways to overcome existing and anticipated blockages to the establishment of SEL programs. Participants will compare theory, policy and practice from across different SEL networks, opening up new perspectives and intensive learning opportunities. The program will combine presentations by groundbreaking practitioners, cross-sector panel discussions, and curated conversations. Participants will also work in smaller focus groups that meet several times to develop ideas, arguments and new approaches in greater depth. PARTICIPANT PROFILE Salzburg Global Seminar’s Education for Tomorrow’s World programs seek to bring together cross-sector and cross-generational change-makers to tackle complex challenges. For this program, around 40 participants from widely varying education systems and sectors will come together on equal terms to examine cutting edge insights into SEL policies, curricula and assessment and to develop compelling arguments for the fundamental necessity of SEL programs as a key education reform driver to optimize all students’ opportunities and to improve educational outcomes. Participants will include leaders and key stakeholders from established and emerging SEL networks, global education change makers, representatives of Ministries of Education, experts in education in crisis and conflict contexts, representatives of industry and new technologies, researchers and academics, civil society organizations, and media. KEY QUESTIONS Over the course of the five-day program, participants will address the following questions:How do we convince the unconvinced? The argument for SEL is not yet won and as SEL programs become more established and better known, there may be more push back from stakeholders with differing priorities. What does current best SEL practice look like and how can it be developed in new parts of the world? How important is definitional clarity around key SEL concepts as the work moves forward? What SEL training will teachers and other educators need, and how can they develop their own social and emotional skills? What does a 21st century curriculum need to look like? How can the full range of learning opportunities that contribute towards the acquisition of social and emotional skills be recognized? How do we measure social and emotional skills in a way which is equitable and does not lead to cultural normalization? What are the next steps that education leaders and other stakeholders can take to leverage SEL opportunities? How can we create better collaboration and learning across different education systems?OUTCOMES AND IMPACT During and immediately after the Salzburg program, participants and staff will co-create a number of strategic products to leverage the learning and recommendations from the meeting:Advocacy: A Salzburg Statement will be jointly drafted to respond concisely to the Key Questions and serve as a call to action to help participants personally as well as their institutions and communities. Online engagement: A series of Twitter debates will be launched following the program to continue online engagement on a monthly basis around key questions raised through the program. Multimedia outreach: A series of webinars and podcasts will discuss and disseminate the Salzburg Statement and multiply its impact in different settings. These will provide an opportunity to engage with many more people than are present at the meeting and bring the outcomes to new audiences. Impact report: A report will subsequently be published summarizing the program as well as highlights from the Twitter and webinar debates that follow it. 
Apr 07 - Apr 09, 2019

Privacy, Security and Ethics in an Asymmetric World

Session 635
As technological innovations, such as artificial intelligence and autonomous vehicles, advance and accelerate, the law is failing to keep apace. Policymakers, the judiciary and legal practitioners alike face unprecedented challenges and must respond to growing public concern. Yet, diverse regional responses to globe-spanning technology firms and issues, such as privacy and security, have led to legal uncertainties. Societies and economies stand to gain if leading stakeholders come together to harness the innovation of cutting-edge technologies, foster cross-border collaboration, and improve flexibility and pragmatism in law and policymaking for global governance. Within an atmosphere of trust in an intimate environment, participants of the new Salzburg Global Law and Technology Forum will share foresight and understanding, supported by and informing a year-round platform devising pragmatic and functional solutions in law and policy flexible for today and adaptable for the future. In a fast-moving and volatile world with accelerating technological change, policy, law and regulatory systems are struggling to keep up. New fields and grey areas raise unprecedented challenges for policymakers, the judiciary, and legal practitioners in public and private spheres. Technology firms and users are increasingly global, yet regional approaches differ, with legal uncertainty around conflict of laws, lack of territoriality, and imposition of extra-territorial jurisdiction. The widespread perception of a power asymmetry among large technology companies, small emergent ones, governments, and citizens also contributes to the erosion of trust, undermining the extraordinary potential of new technologies for public good. The policy and legal implications of new technologies and data applications are difficult to ascertain when still emerging, but even harder to address after technologies have matured and become embedded in social and economic infrastructure. Regulation depends on top-down control and enforcement capacity, the antithesis of the bottom-up disruptive model pushed by innovators. Agnostic as to its own use, technology can be used for criminal purposes, to obscure criminal activity, or to investigate and combat crime. Legal technology (“lawtech”) can make the entire legal system more effective. However, lawyers and rule-makers may lack skills or the understanding of technology, the extent of its advance, or its future potential. This requires not only more interaction among stakeholders, but also a focus on actions designed to equip the legal sector with the necessary skills. Legal concerns arise constantly and in multiple cultural and political contexts regarding the balance of privacy and security and of law enforcement and human rights, as well as on how data is held or used by private actors versus by governmental institutions, and with cyber security at the forefront. Artificial intelligence and the internet of things are increasingly becoming integrated in every facet of our lives. Algorithms need to be transparent to promote trust and ensure validity, but opaque to ensure security. Notions of privacy itself have evolved in the digital era, and may even cease to exist. Current events show that a better-informed citizenry can drive demand for greater transparency and accountability, yet no common ethical framework nor apportionment of responsibilities exists, leaving policymakers to respond to the latest headline. GOALS The Salzburg Global Law and Technology Forum aims to create a high-level, cross-sector foresight and anticipatory leadership network across the technological ecosystem and its intersection with the law. The Forum seeks to achieve two concrete goals:Facilitate peer-to-peer dialogue across sectors within an atmosphere of trust, to share perspectives and opinions on critical current challenges and emerging trends. Enhance opportunities for cross-border regulatory frameworks, accords, and protocols, to clarify applicable rules and avoid conflicts of law or legal gaps.As the Forum develops, it can also serve to find appropriate ways to equip current and future leaders – including judges, regulators, and policymakers – to understand new technologies and to assess the benefits and risks of accelerating disruption. PROGRAM FORMAT The central pillar of the Forum is a series of high-level retreats, with concrete follow-up and cooperation throughout the year by participants and their institutions. Discussions take place under the Chatham House Rule enabling an open and candid environment. Salzburg Global Seminar will actively curate the interlocking but often diffuse networks to increase collaboration, and track agreed implementation and progress. Given the fast-moving nature of technology, the Forum will remain flexible enough to support additional gatherings throughout the year, including at intervals in other regional locations. KEY TOPICS Areas of activity to be discussed at the April 2019 program and in concrete follow-up activities may include:Resolving specific priority issues and global challenges through a comprehensive and cross-sectoral process within conditions of mutual trust; Exploring new ways lawtech might assist the legal profession to promote both efficient and effective justice; Devising methods to equip rule-makers from judicial, legislative, and executive bodies with technological literacy, including both through facilitating continuing education or mainstreaming technical staff advising and supporting the rule-makers within institutional and legal processes; Developing leadership skills and competencies that help unleash human potential in order to lead technological change, exploiting existing capabilities and new opportunities; and Ensuring an ethical underpinning for technological development, consistent with the rule of law and global public good, seeking in particular to balance needs for security and privacy, law enforcement and human rights, and responsibilities for private firms and public institutions to each other and to citizens.OUTCOMES The April 2019 program will establish the Forum’s initial priority issues, reflecting on current practice and challenges, identifying opportunities for new international norms, and peering beyond the horizon at what may lurk ahead and how to build resilient strategies. Each subsequent gathering of the Forum will primarily focus on a specific salient topic, with the right combination of voices invited to explore that topic from different constituencies and then to develop concrete opportunities for follow-up. Participants at the April 2019 program will together select the initial priority topics, which should be chosen precisely because they are not sufficiently addressed through existing trans-national and cross-sectoral dialogues. PARTICIPANT ROLE Each program will be limited to approximately 30 senior leaders and rising specialists as a community of peers. The exact composition will change from program to program based on topic, but will balance constituencies and viewpoints, while remaining intimate enough to foster dialogue and mutual trust. Participants will be drawn from:Technology companies, including multinational giants, telecoms companies, and device manufacturers Law firms operating across jurisdictions Jurists, regulators, and policymakers and their senior advisors Thought leaders from academia or thinktanks Civil society activists representing a variety of viewpoints New players and up-and-coming disruptorsThe Forum will ensure a high representation of women. While most agenda-setting debates currently take place among the United States, the European Union, and China, the Forum will include other geographies and perspectives at the cutting edge of technological development and experimentation (such as Israel, Japan, Korea, and Singapore), and across the Global South (particularly Brazil, Dubai, India, Kenya, and South Africa).