Fellows' Papers

Fellows' Papers

Each year, Salzburg Cutler Fellows are invited to present their original research and writing on topics concerning the development of both private and public international law, covering international human rights and humanitarian law; national security; international courts; rule of law; and international finance, monetary, and trade law. 

A list of the Fellows and their papers is available below:

Class of 2018-19

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  • Vanessa Ajagu, Bypassing #MeToo: A Blueprint for Sexual Harassment Protections in Nigeria
  • Emma DiNapoli, Place Annihilation and Reconstruction under Assad: Leveraging Property Restitution Mechanisms to Rebuild Syria’s Socio-Spatial Fabric
  • Anika Havaldar, The International Court of Justice’s Advisory Function: Between Judicial Propriety and the Principle of Consent
  • Lear Jiang, The GDPR and the Futile Road to Recognizing Personal Data as Property
  • Jeremy Stewart, Developing Illegitimate Expectations? The Relationship between Customary International Law and the Development of a Substantive ‘Legitimate Expectations’ Standard by Investment Tribunals


  • Sophia Durand, The Belt and Road Initiative: Lighting Up Kenya, But at What Cost?
  • Lauren Hughes, The Business and Human Rights Treaty: Consensus Against the Odds
  • Jami King, A Human Rights Approach to Global Anti-Corruption Enforcement
  • Ashley Shan, Who Says What’s Green? Coordinating the Global Regulation of Green Bonds
  • Simona Xu, The International Liability Regime for Space Tourism: Filling the Legal Vacuum


  • Bhoomika Choudhury, The Role of Corporate Exploitation of Mining Resources in Causing or Contributing to Conflict in Myanmar and Colombia
  • Francoise Djoukeng, Monetary Sovereignty and the CFA Franc
  • Caroline Gloeckle, The Art. XXI GATT Dilemma
  • Ashley Smith-Roberts, Article 25 Arbitration: An Answer to the WTO Appellate Body Crisis?
  • Aike Wuerdemann, The Ultimate Step to Banking System Stability: Regulating Conduct Risk?


  • Daniel Levine-Spound, Classifying the G5 Sahel under International Humanitarian Law
  • Natalie McCauley, International Dispute Resolution and Diplomacy: Qatar at the International Court of Justice and Beyond
  • Ryan Rossner, Hardwiring Cross-Border Trust: G-SIB Resolution Planning and Internal Total Loss-Absorbing Capacity (TLAC)
  • Barbara Medrado Dias Silveira, Can the Political Question Doctrine Help Save the WTO Appellate Body?
  • Elisa Quiroz, A Migration Agency Missing Migrants’ Rights: the IOM, the UN, and Human Rights for Migrants


  • Felix Boos, The Legal Counsel in the UN System: An Element of the International Rule of Law?
  • Deirdre Dlugoleski, India’s Recognition of the Forest Rights Act: The Implications for Environmental and Human Rights Law in Indian Courts, and Strategies for Achieving Effective Implementation
  • Belen Ibañez, Developing Public Participation in Environmental Decision-Making Processes Through the Escazú Agreement
  • April Lacson, How Binding is Binding? Issue Preclusion and International Arbitration Awards
  • Erica Ma, Concurrent Application of International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law in the Context of Fully Autonomous Lethal Weapons


  • Olamide Abiose, In Sickness and Austerity: The Public Health Risks of IMF Loans Beyond Threats to Health Care Spending
  • Isabelle Dietz, An Inconsistent Approach to Human Rights: A Look at the Global Gag Rule’s International Implementation
  • Marlena Wisniak, #Feminists4BindingTreaty – Drafting a UN Treaty on Business and Human Rights through an Intersectional Feminist Lens


  • Osama Alkhawaja, In Defense of the Special Tribunal of Lebanon and the Harbinger of International Corporate Accountability
  • Ryan Hedrick, Extraterrestrial Mining: The Need for a Framework Before We Space Out
  • Nikki Labell, The Euroopean Union Migration crisis and The Restrictive Power of International Law Principles
  • Faith Laken, Transnational Search and Seizure and the Extraterritoriality of the Fourth Amendment
  • Kathy Lee, Intellectual Property Rights and Economic Growth: Mapping the Theoretical and Empirical Debate


  • Victoria Allen, The Digital Services Directive: Community Law v. National Legislation
  • Shreya Bose, The Role of Disinformation in the Age of Hybrid Warfare
  • Andrew Bulovsky, Promises Unfilfilled: How Investment Arbitration Tribunals Mishandle Corruption Claims and Undermine International Development
  • Darío Maestro, Diplomatic Protection: A Pragmatic Approach to Defend the Human Rights of Non-Nationals
  • Jeff Xu, Legal Approaches to Regulating Chinese State Involvement in Africa- Bound Direct Investment under the ‘Angola Mode’


  • Sin-Chit “Martin” Lai, Enabling and Incentivizing Standalone Private Antitrust Actions in Hong Kong – Lessons from the United States
  • Tina Lapsia, Are Arbitrators Biased? Reasons for and Impact of Abitral Decision-Making on the Outcomes of ICSID Investment Treaty Arbitrations
  • John Peng, Migrant Workers’ Access to Justice Within a Decentralizing Nepal
  • Ryan Plesh, Sovereignty Within and Without Borders
  • Emilie Raber, Family Planning: A Silver Bullet for Armed Conflict


  • Manal Cheema, The Uber of Space: State Liability and Responsibility in the Commercial Space Industry
  • Josh Lefebvre, Cracking Attribution: Moving International Norms Forward
  • Emily Stewart, Is the Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act a Sound Piece of Legislation?
  • David Wang, Illegal Evidence in International Arbitration
  • Michael Woolslayer, EU and US Dual-Use Export Controls and the Wassenaar Arrangement ‘Cyber Amendment’


  • Sebastian Bates, The Limits of Article IX of the Genocide Convention – and an Alternative
  • Talya Lockman-Fine, Law and Lawyers in International Development
  • Luis Terrinha, Passport(s) to Protection: Rethinking UNHCR’s Efforts to Fulfill its Mandate on Statelessness
  • Mariana Rosenblat Olaizola, Ground Truth and Aerial Targeting: Distinction, Proportionality, and the Post-Strike Due Diligence Imperative
  • Sonya Schoenberger, Governmental General Regulatory Measures in International Investment Law: Rational Rulemaking as a Standard of Review

Class of 2017-18

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Jacob Bogart, Families Claiming Rights: The Case of the Abu Salim Prison Massacre and the Coordination Committee of the Families of the Victims
Haris Durrani, Interpreting “Space Resources Obtained”: Historical and Postcolonial Interventions in the Law of Commercial Space Mining
Julian Ranetunge, Putting the Cart Before the Horse: Primacy and Public Policy in the Multilateral Investment Court
Kathryn Witchger, Competition and Cooperation in African Antitrust Mechanisms: COMESA, EAC, and Kenya
Fabian Zetina Vasquez, Reshaping Concepts and Legal Standards as Part of the Reform of the International Investment Regime


Meaghan Newkirk, Countering Radicalization & Its Human Rights Implications
Hadrian Luo, Multilateralizing Bilateral Investment Treaties: MFN Clause as the Basis for Jurisdiction of an Investment Appellate Court
Dimitrios Lyratzakis, Pari Passu and Venezuela’s Debt Restructuring Choices
Jeremy Iloulin, U.S. Priorities for a Legally Binding Instrument on Marine Biological Diversity of Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction
Matthew Eible, Using a Human Rights Law Approach to Allege Human Rights Violations in the Trump Administration’s Termination of the DACA Immigration Program


Genevieve Bentz, Intelligent Intelligence Oversight: Comparative Analysis of Global Accountability Mechanisms
Jessica Ansart, Negotiated Justice From the FCPA to Sapin II: The Beginnings of an Unlikely International Convergence Towards Using Deferred and Non-Prosecution Agreements in Anti-Corruption Enforcement
Suhong (Olivia) Yang, The Stance of China Toward the International Criminal Court and the Implications
Michelle Brown, Is the Caribbean Court of Justice (“the CCJ”) the Appropriate Mechanism for Human Rights in the Caribbean? 


Jenny Sandvig, Retroactivity of Changes in the Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights
Rana Elkahwagy, Reframing the International Regulation of Small Arms
Hiroko Yamamoto, The Legal Consequences of a Contract Obtained Through Bribery in International Commercial Arbitration: A Descriptive & Prescriptive Analysis
Marissa Brodney, International Criminal Court-Ordered Reparations, and the ICC Trust Fund for Victims
Tetyana Payosova, What is the Role of Mediation in Future WTO Dispute Settlement Governance


Alec Dawson, Safeguarding the Planet? The International Trade Commission’s Solar Panel Decision and the WTO’s Rules on Safeguards
Sarah Coco, A U.S. Perspective on the New Hague Treaty on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments
Kaitlin Owens, Building a Case: The Impact of an Increase in Suppliers on the Marketplace for the Investigation of Atrocities
Tamar Kofman, Human Rights at the Intersection of Market, Technology, And Law: The Case of Airbnb’s Nondiscrimination Policy
Kezia Paladina, Gender And The Human Trafficking Regime: Is There A Place For Trafficked Fishermen? 

Stanford Law School

Vanessa de Mello Brito Arns, Anti-Corruption Efforts in Brazilian Companies: an Empirical Overview of Regulations, Compliance Programs and the Development of the Rule of Law
Emily Alice Hawley, ISIS Crimes Against the Shia: The Islamic State’s Genocide Against Shia Muslims
Sidhant Kumar, The Specter of Corruption in International Investment Arbitration
Earl Joyce Rivera-Dolera, Re-visiting Unilateral Appointments of Arbitrators in International Arbitration: Time to Abolish the Practice
Yoomin Won, How States Respond to International Human Rights Recommendations? Measuring the Effectiveness of the Human Rights Committee’s Follow-up Procedure


Douglas Gates, Advocating for Minority Rights in Myanmar: Time for Neighboring States to Step In?
Anagha Sundararajan, Environmental Counterclaims: Enforcing International Environmental Law Through Investor-State Arbitration
Siqing Li, Convergence of WTO Dispute Settlement and Investor-State Arbitration: A Closer Look at Umbrella Clauses
Whittney Barth, Hate Crimes and Terrorism as 'Close Cousins': What Intergovernmental Organizations Might Gain from an Integrated Approach
Luke Sperduto, Contracting Toward the U.N.'s Basic Principles on Sovereign Debt Restructuring


Stephanie Zable, The Chinese Playbook: Exercising a Third Dimension of Power
Christian Robertson, Cyber Due Diligence and Self-Defense: Closing the State Attribution-Response Gap in International Cyber Operations
Jeffrey Bristol, Forms of Legal Secularism: Laïcité and Disestablishmentarianism
Sara Hayat, Rectifying an 'Instrumental' Failure; Climate Migrants & The Paris Agreement
Marcos Kotlik, The UN's Children Affected by Armed Conflicts Framework as a Strategy to Enhance Compliance with International Law by Non-State Armed Groups: Between Autonomy and States' Reluctance


Beatriz Brown, The Have(n)s and the Have Nots: the Human Rights Case Against Corporate Privacy Arrangements Post-Brexit
Benjamin Barsky, No Place Like Home: How America Upholds International Disability Law Despite CRPD Non-Ratification
Benjamin Weitz, Updating the Law of Targeting for an Era of Cyberwarfare
John Morgan, Crimes Against Humanity by Corporations in Colombia, and Their Optional Peace Deal
Shaunee Morgan, Chant Down Babylon: Toward an International Legal Framework Responsive to the Claim for Caribbean Reparations


William Holt, Deterring Chinese Aggression in the South China Sea: Implications of Prospect Theory
Lauren Sandground, The Forgotten Artifact of International Humanitarian Law: Article 1(4) of the Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions as Applied to Kurdish and Catalonian Movements
Ashley Finger, Using Oceans Law to Examine Intellectual Property Ownership in the Common Heritage Paradigm
Elizabeth Donald, EU-UK Investment Disputes in a Post-Brexit World Order
Anne-Sophie Hutteau-Hiltzer, Improving Mechanisms for Asset Recovery to States That Have Suffered From Transnational Corruption Practice

Yale Law School

Varun Char, Modeling Compliance with International Human Rights Courts by Domestic Judiciaries
Srinath Reddy, Still the Law of Nations: “Legitimate Expectations” and the Sovereigntist Turn in International Investment Law
Brian Mund, Legalizing Intelligence Sharing: A Consensus Approach
Beatrice Walton, On Second Thoughts: Leaving (and Un-Leaving) Treaties & Biases Towards Cooperation in Treaty Law
Mattie Wheeler, Congressional Authority to Prevent Withdrawal from Modern Trade Agreements

Class of 2016-17

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Columbia Law School

Clava Brodsky, Interpreting Domestic Limitation Clauses – A Hybrid Approach

Joanna Diane Caytas, Weaponizing Finance: US and European Options, Tools, and Policies

Katherine Ebright, The Right to Define the Right to Have Rights

Tamer Mallat, Stretching Constitutional Limits: War Powers and Constitutional Design

Candy Ofime, A Reinterpretation of Transitional Justice Instruments to Address Legacies of Corporate Human Rights Abuses

Duke University School of Law

Shira Anderson, Autonomous Weapons or Canine Combatants: Military Working Dogs in the US and Israel

Daniel Echeverri, Piecing together the fragments of Anticorruption: The Inter-American Convention Against Corruption As ‘Anti-fragmentation’ and convergence.

Suzie Jing, Chasing Borders: Extraterritorial Asylum Processing and Migrants’ Human Rights Claims Against Destination States

Ryan Pitts, The Hague Convention on Child Abduction: Domestic Violence and Human Rights

Khahilia Shaw, An Occupation Like No Other: Addressing Sexwork through a Labor Rights Approach

Georgetown University Law Center

Bradley Altvater, Cyberspace and Lex Ferenda: A Recommendation for Three International Norms Regarding Cyber Espionage

Spencer Beall, Beyond Parental Controls: Updating International Law to Protect Children from Predators in the Digital Age

Santiago Diaz-Cediel, Tie at The Hague: Problems that Arise when the International Court of Justice Does not Know Whether an Issue was Decided in One of its Prior Judgments 

Marcus Gustaffson, Promoting Effective Compliance in International Law

William Stroupe, New Practice, New Space, New System: ISDS, Legal Personhood and the Emergent International Economic Common Law

Susan Yin, Constructing a UK-EU FTA for Brexit: A New Dawn for International Economic Law 

Harvard Law School

Ted Brackemyre, Finding the Appropriate Forum for a Currency Manipulation Provision

Casey O’Grady, Unilateral US Action and Trade Relations with China: Guiding Statutes, Executive Capabilities and WTO Limitations

Minwoo Kim, Minding the Gap, One Way or Another: How do Transnational Bribery Laws Treat Home-Host Divide?

C. Ann Smith, We Have the Right Tools: An Examination and Defense of Spending in International Adoption

Cem Tecimer, Conceptualizing Illiberal Constitutionalism:  A Comparative Analysis

NYU School of Law

Virginie Blanchette-Seguin, Baselines and Rising Sea Level: Is the Historic Waters Doctrine the Solution to Ensure Maritime Border Stability?

Jenya Grigorova, Comparing the Comparable: Non-Discrimination in International Trade and Investment in the Energy Sector

Nahuel Maisley, The Customary Right of Civil Society to Participate in International Law Making: Access, Guarantees and Voice

Justus Vasel, The Regulatory Road to Autonomous Driving: A Comparative Analysis of Regulating Highly Autonomous Vehicles in Germany and the US

Nathan Yaffe, Indigenous Consenting

Stanford Law School

Kristina Alekseyeva, Presumption in Favor of Municipal Decisions as a New Standard of Review in Investor-State Arbitration

Nayha Arora, The Rome Statute: An Exploration of Legal Rigidity and Regime Exit

Bianca Crivellini Eger, Blank Slate: In the Absence of the Rule of Law, Can Impact Investors Harness Informal Institutions to Drive Development Beyond Frontier Markets?

Vyoma Jha, Parallel Litigation in International Economic Law: The Case of the Renewable Energy Sector

Fabio Weinberg Crocco, Cross Border Bankruptcies in the US: An Empirical Study of Discretionary Relief Decisions

University of Chicago Law School

Conor Gilligan, Strengthening Investment Protections to Increase Participation in the Investor State Arbitration Regime

Allison Hugi, Getting a Foot in the Door: Using International Treaties as Evidence in Asylum Cases

Shiva Jayaraman, International Terrorism and Statelessness: Revoking the Citizenship of ISIL Foreign Fighters

Josh Pickar, The Doctrine of Consensus in the European Court of Human Rights and the US Supreme Court’s Jurisprudence

Kamolnich Swasdiphanich, International Standard for the Usage of Virtual Currencies

University of Michigan Law School

Chun-Han Chen, Way Toward Equality: How Does the Equality and Non-Discrimination Provision in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons With Disabilities (CRPD) Secure Full and Effective Participation and Inclusion for People with Disabilities

Farshad Rahimi Dizgovin, Does Full Protection and Security Live inside Fair and Equitable Treatment

Yekaterina Reyzis, Bridging the Gap: The Disconnect Between the Palermo Protocol and its Domestic Application

Tom Temprosa, Truth in the Time of Killings: The Problem of Standard of Proof in Investigations of Extrajudicial Killings by National Human Rights Institutions

Jason Zhu, Chinese Human Rights: So 80s

University of Pennsylvania Law School

Sylvia Kim, South Korea: An Uncharted Gold Mine for Shareholder Activists

Amal Sethi, Strong Courts for Stronger Democracies

Sarah Tufano, The Holy Trinity of the United Nations Universal Periodic Review: How to Make an Effective Recommendation Regarding Woman’s Rights

Hayley Winograd, Saudi Arabia and Guardianship: Second Class in your own land.

Nancy Zambrana, The Current Legal Status of Women’s Rights to Civic Participation and Political Representation in Egypt, Tunisia, and Lebanon

University of Virginia Law School

Mauricio Guim, UNTITLED (Venezuela Exit from Human Rights Treaties)

Thomas Kinzinger, The NeoLiberal Backlash

Hsin-Hsuan Lin, Regulating Foreign Surveillance in International Legal System

Karl Lockhart, Offshore Financial Centers: Economic Development and the Market for Law

William Phalen, The South China Sea Case: Origin of Fragmentation for the Law of the Sea

Yale Law School

Idriss Fofana, Is Diplomatic Protection a Neutral and Universal Principle of International Law? An Inquiry into International Custom and the Diplomatic Protection of Migrant Workers

Elizabeth King, Collective Disclosure: Enabling Industries to Eliminate Slavery from their Global Supply Chains

Zachary Mollengarden, The Futility Exception in International Investment Law

Leo O’Toole, Addressing the Imbalances Brought About by Third Party Funding in Investment Arbitration

Paul Rink, Effectively Using the Global Climate Fund to Leverage Private Finance

Class of 2015-16

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Columbia Law School

Daniel P. Allman: Manipulating Distribution Through Trade

Ethan Merel: Clash of Google Maps and State-Dominated Legal Authority

Anjli Parrin: Constructing a framework for terrorism defectors and detainees in Somalia

Modupe Odele: Assisting And Protecting Internally Displaced Persons – A critique On the Nigerian effort

Martin J. Willner: Who has an Interest in War?, The Specially Affected States Doctrine and International Humanitarian Law

Duke University School of Law

Tess Deegan: Refugees And Migrants: “All in the Same Boat”? An analysis of Classification of Migration Flows in the “Syrian Refugee Crisis”    

Christine E. Dryden: A New Anti-Corruption Treaty Negotiated at the WTO

Wafaa Saadeh: “Corporate Responsibility Towards Human Rights Abuses: The Case of the Occupied Palestinian Territories”

Sara Salama: Citizenship Revocation and Human Rights in a Post 9/11 Era: A Return to the State

Anne Elizabeth Showalter: Resolving the Tension Between Free Speech and Hate Speech:  Assessing the Global Convergence Hypothesis

Georgetown University Law Center

Sarah Lohschelder: NGOs as Amici Curiae Before the ICJ

Mario R. Osorio: Abuse of Rights in International Economic Law

Lucas A Queiroz Pires: The WTO Assessment of the Prevention of Systemic Failure in Disputes Involving Threats to the Financial System

Matthew Richardson: MDB Sanctions Consensus and the Arrival of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

Alexis Wilpon: Recruitment and Use of Child Soldiers: Steps Toward Prevention

Harvard Law School

Samuel Chang: The UK-Eurozone Fault Line: Origins and Manifestations

Katie Gonzalez: The Common European Asylum System and Female Sex Trafficking: How the Harmonization of European Union Asylum Standards Has Impacted Gender-Based Claims in the United Kingdom, Germany, and France

Sarah Lee: Liberalizing and Restricting Arms Trade: Conflicts Between the WTO Regime and the Arms Trade Treaty

Christopher Mirasola: Historic Waters and Ancient Title: Outdated Doctrines for Establishing Maritime Sovereignty and Jurisdiction

Angel Gabriel Cabrera Silva: Rethinking Democracy in International Law

NYU School of Law

Michele Krech: To Be a Woman in the World of Sport: The Global Governance of Binary Sex in International Athletics

Andrew Larkin: Consent, Hegemony and the Changing Law of International Organizations  

Timothy McKenzie: Application of the Monetary Gold Principle to Autonomous Regions

Joanna Stokes: The Financial Action Task Force and the Funding of NPOs: Repressing Civil Society

Maanya Tandon: Self-Defense in Response to Terrorism, Hegemonic International Law, and the Security Council: A Call for Reports Under Article 51 of the UN Charter

Stanford Law School

Gilat Bachar: When Lawyers Go to War: A Study of Lawyers Litigating Palestinians’ Civil Claims against Israel

Thiago Nascimento dos Reis: Pretrial Detentions in Brazil

Duncan Pickard: “Regardless of Frontiers” and the Freedom of Expression in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: Original and Contemporary Meanings

Artemis Seaford: Understanding the Impact of Criminal Justice Processes on Victims of Sexual Violence in the Eastern D.R.C.

Qingtao Xie: Changing Paradigms Of China’s International Investment Agreements

University of Chicago Law School

Olivia Colvill: Curbing the Business of Bribery: Risks of Racing to the Top

Brittany Ellenberg: Making the Case for Secession: The Tension Between Self-Determination and Territorial Integrity

Deven Parmar: Jurisdictional Conflicts in Competition Law: How Does The Enforcement of Competition Law Extraterritorially Implicate WTO trade law?

Paulina Wu: Impossible to Regulate?: Social Media, Terrorists, and the Role for the UN

Yuan Yuan: Achieving Peace through Justice in Internal Armed Conflicts: Problems within Using ICC as a Form of R2P through the Lens of Darfur (Sudan), Libya, Syria and Solutions

University of Michigan Law School

Christine Choi: A Framework for Detention During Peace Enforcement Operations

Albi Kocibelli: Kampala, The Baxter Paradox and the Evolution of Customary International Law

Beiming Liu: Justification or Pretext, How to Strike A Fair Balance between the National Treatment Obligation and Prudential Carve Outs in the Global Financial Crisis

Bettina K. Rentsch: Internationalizing Nationality

Christopher VanDeusen: The WTO’s Extension of the TRIPS Pharmaceutical Waiver: Necessary or Not?

University of Pennsylvania Law School

Natasha Arnpriester: Casualties of the Mind: Psychological Trauma & the Collateral Damage Calculus

Magan Haycock: International Investment Law During Period of Armed Violence and Conflict: The Implications of Past Treaty Interpretation on Potential Future Claims Brought Against Arab Spring States

Benjamin Johnson: A Practical Scope for the Fourth (MAC) Protocol to the Cape Town Convention: Incorporating the HS System to Lower the Cost of Financing for Mining, Agriculture, and Construction Globally

Suzanne Knijnenburg: Filling the Gaps of the International Justice System through Hybrid Tribunals

Yifan Zhou: China and its AIIB: Threats to the Existing Norm?

University of Virginia Law School

Patrick O. Dorsey: American Courts, International Arbitration: The Extraterritorial Reach of 28 U.S.C. § 1782

A. Louis Evans: Confronting Pandemics in States Unwilling to Accept International Aid

Kristin Marshall: Antitrust Arbitration in the Pharmaceutical Industry: Comparing the United States’ and European Union’s Approach

Muhammad Subarkah Syafruddin: Balancing Investor Rights and Environmental Protection in the Era of the Trans-Pacific Partnership

Yiqing Wang: Extra-territorial Reach of U.S. Antitrust law in Foreign Mergers

Yale Law School

Y. Michael Chung: Application of MFN Clauses to Dispute Settlement Provisions in International Investment Arbitration

Arthur Lau: “Private Law Proportionality”

Iulia E. Padeanu: Rethinking Duress at the ICC:  Removing the Proportionality and Imminence Requirements and  Replacing them with a Reasonable Person Standard

Joseph (Yusuf) Saei: Amicus Curiae Curious: Structure and play of amicus participation in investor-state arbitration

Lisa Wang: Closing the GATT Gap: Towards an Ex-Ante Efficient Breach Model in Investor-State Arbitration


Class of 2014-15

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Alex Ely: “Invitation and Consent: Measuring the Legality of the Drone War in Pakistan”


Anna Johns: “Vodka & Soda: Stolichnaya, Pepsi-Cola, and the Contemporary Legacy of U.S.-U.S.S.R. Trade Relations” 

Jay Leff: “Moral Value and Human Rights Advocacy”

Yvonne Wang: “Contextualizing Universal Human Rights: An Evolutionary Human Rights Framework for ASEAN”


Daphne Lin: “Using Subsequent Agreements to Exclude Tobacco from Existing Trade and Investment Agreements”

Antonios Vassiloconstandakis: “Economic Sanctions Reloaded” 

Kevin Jinks: “International Criminal Court for ISIL” 

Elizabeth Annis: “A Lost Opportunity: Africa and WTO Dispute Settlement”

Vanseka Sok: “Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank: Competition in Terms of Cooperation”


Mohamed Helal: “The Reality, Tragedy, and Future of Collective Security” 

Dylan Lino: “The Constitutional Theory of Empire”

Sannoy Das

Amanda Tuninetti


Harry Hobbs: “Towards a Principled Justification for the Mixed Composition of Hybrid Criminal Tribunals”

Edefe Ojomo: “Ebola and the State: Sovereignty and Regional Integration in West Africa”

Thomas Streinz: “The Global Administrative Law of Internet Governance: The Case of ICANN”

Indiana Watkins: “Using Global Administrative Law to Uphold International Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law: The Regulation of Private Security Companies”

John Washington: “The Importance and Invalidity of the Purported Legal Obligation to Intern Fighters from Non-International Armed Conflicts”


Brendan Ballou: “The Defense Department's Growing Role in Foreign Policy”

Christopher Edelman: “Companies and International Trade Law: Who Would Benefit from a Private Right of Action?”

David Hausman: “Measuring the Effect of Alien Tort Statute Liability”

Johann Barcena: “Mapping the "Sphere of Influence" of Private Corporations Engaged in Business with State-Owned Enterprises”

Kimberly Larkin: "In a Certain Way, Justice Has Been Done": Lessons Learned from French and Belgian Approaches to Transport Companies' Holocaust Accountability


Deepa DasAcevedo: “Access, Federalism, and Standing Doctrine in India and America”

Elise Meyer: “Some Assembly Required: Defining Woman in the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination”

Lindsay Short: “International Law, Espionage, and the Implications for No-Spy Agreements”

Jessica Gonzalez: “International Actors: A Rule of Law Analysis”

Aasiya Glover: “Originalism as Comparative Constitutionalism: Indian Analysis of American Constitutional Law”


Kayla Green: “Illuminating the Black Hole: An Analysis of the Impact of Red Cross Inaction during the Holocaust on Its Current Approach to Humanitarian Action” 

Natalie Mencio: “Lessons from Foreign Direct Investment Theory: The Mexican Government's Role in Securing Sustained Investment in the Wake of Energy Reform” 

Tim Cochrane: "Digital Strip Searches": Critiquing the Approaches of the United States and United Kingdom

Cochrane Elkayam-Levy: “Invisible Women: International Law Jurisprudence, Gender, and Religion Toward a Substantive Reform”

Brandon Kenny: “Increasing Plea Bargain Transparency: A Comparative Analysis”


Tom Brower: “Constitutions as Counter-Curses: Revenue Allocation Institutions and the Resource Curse”

Caroline Courtney Stewart: “Environmental Liability for Violations of the Alien Tort Statute after Kiobel”

RL Pratt: “Cyber Operations”

Ashley Roberts: “Translation, Material Support, and Freedom of Speech in International Law”

Luke Gilhooly: “Transborder Access of Digital Evidence: Consequences Beyond the Courtroom”


Joshua Anderson: “Rethinking jus in bello Proportionality”

Rose Goldberg: “Breathing Life into U.S. Rights to Health through Comparative Constitutionalism”

Leslie Esbrook: “Citizenship Unmoored”

Asaf Lubin: “The Dragon Kings Restraint: Applying a Jus Ad Bellum Model for Intelligence Gathering by Third States within and above a Coastal State EEZ”

Peter Tzeng: “Don’t Play God: Regime Interactions Concerning the Protection of Property”

Class of 2013-14

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Douglas Cantwell: Comparative Due Process Standards for 1267 Sanctions Enforcement and the Role of the UN Ombudsperson After Kadi II

Carolyn Forstein: On trade and corruption issues

Mark Goldberg: U.S.-E.U. Cybercrime Extradition in the Global Rights Conversation

Yoojin Kim: Impeding the Korean Police Power? The effect of KORUS TFA on Korea's Effort to Crackdown on Smoking

Stephanie Persson: China’s Changing Juvenile Justice Laws: Domestic Pressure vs. International Compliance


Isabella Bellera: Latin America and the ICSID Convention: Consequences of Withdrawing from the ICSID System and Recent Trends in Investor-State Arbitration in the Region

Michael Losco: Streamlining the Corruption Defense: A Proposed Framework for FCPA-ICSID Interaction

James Waters: Achieving World Trade Organization Compliance for Export Processing Zones while Maintaining  Economic Competitiveness for Developing Countries


Chi Emeruwa: Can Hollywood be Replicated Without the Rule of Law?

Zachary R. Klein: The Revival of International Humanitarian Law Approaches to Nuclear Disarmament

Juan Pablo Moya-Hoyos: Regional and Plurilateral Agreements as a Way to Unblock WTO Trade Negotiations: TPP, TTIP and TiSA as Multilateralizing Mega-Agreements

Ada Bogliolo Piancastelli de Siqueira: Borrowing Knowledge: Social Commonsense in Plurilateral Trade Agreements

Thomas Weatherall: The Implicit Constitutionality of Jus Cogens: How the Contemporary Law of Nations and Substantive Due Process Constitute Overlapping Protections of the Individual


Melissa Chastang: Reimagining Legitimacy and Uniformity of International Criminal Tribunals

Jacqueline Espenilla: Getting the Big Picture: An Assessment of the EIA Framework for New and Emerging Marine Activities in Areas beyond National Jurisdiction

Brad Hinshelwood: “A Very Strange Doctrine”: The Legal and Intellectual Development of Universal Jurisdiction

Joseph Klingler: Counterintervention on Behalf of the Opposition: The Law and its Application in Syria

Dean Rosenberg: Immunity Without Impunity: Why the Current Immunity Regime for International Organizations is Unsustainable


Gilat Bachar: The Role of Civil Justice in Ethno-national Conflict Resolution

Catherine Baylin: The Afghan Supreme Court

Jason George: An Evaluation of Proactive Complementarity

Hajin Kim: Trade Law Implications of Environmental Marketing: E.g., When do Ecolabels Constitute a Technical Barrier to Trade?


Eric Alston: Demand for Decentralization in Muslim Constitutions

Aasiya Mirza Glover: “Expansion Ain’t No Excuse”: Adapting the Legal Strategies of the Cherokee to Resist Bedouin Removal in Israel’s Negev

Angelique Salib: “Till Personal Status Do Us Part”: The Constitutionality of Coptic Dhimma Personal Status Marriage and Divorce Law in Egypt 

Marco Segatti: Access to Justice as a Human Right: Entitlement, Rights and Capabilities in the Legal Process 

Alexandra Tate: A Functional Analysis of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran


Nadia Banteka: Networks and Customary International Law: The Emergence of New Actors in International Law-Making

Lev Breydo: Optimizing the American Framework for Financial Regulation: Lessons and Implications from Canada’s Experience with a Single Regulator

Shannon Doherty: U.S. Criminal Sentencing Policy: A Byproduct of Judicial Resistance to Globally Evolving Constitutional Norms

Andreas Kuersten: Against an International Crime of Terrorism

Lauren Obee: The Implications of the Traditional Courts Bill 2012 for Gender Equality in South Africa


Karen Janssens: Two Laws of Necessity in International Investment Disputes: Intertwined or Irreconcilable

Florian Knerr: Strasbourg’s Expansive Interpretation of Human Rights Provisions: The Cases of Demir and Baykara v Turkey and Enerji Yapi-Yol Sen v Turkey

Rachel Kincaid: The Native Truth of Native American Constitutions: A Comparison of the Seneca Nation, Oglala Sioux, White Mountain Apache, & Cherokee Nation

Jennifer Marett: The National Security Council Legal Advisor: Crafting Legal Positions on Matters of War & Peace

Paul-Jean Meyere: OTC Derivatives Regulation in the US and the EU: From Conflicts to Coordination


Michele Goldman: Curbing the Cyberweaponry Market

Ryan Liss: The Development of the Right to Enter (and Remain in) One’s Own Country: Challenging Sovereign Control over the Terms of National Belonging

Itamar Mann: Flagless Vessel: Human Rights as a Law of Encounter

Will Smiley: Humanitarian Interveners’ Ability to Impose Legal Changes in Occupied Territories

Class of 2012-13

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Abiola Fasehun: On ways the international community can advance the agenda of limiting the global temperature rise while also supporting clean development in Africa

Nathaniel Lai: On the recent case of Nada v Switzerland (12 Sept 2012), a decision of the European Court of Human Rights that continues and develops the line of cases in Europe on implementation of UN Security Council Resolutions

Angela Lee: On whether or not U.S. securities acts' information disclosure regimes adequately compel Chinese State-Owned Enterprises to reveal sufficient background to allow potential investors to make an informed decision

Sam Levander: On the issue of “dynamic interpretation” in the UNCITRAL draft rules on transparency in investor-state disputes

Sarah Saadoun: An exploration of two areas of inquiry: (1) the conditionalities and monitoring/enforcement mechanisms that the major Corporate Social Responsibility certifications entail; and (2) the interaction between private and public regulatory systems


Melanie Benesh: On how arbitration panels have treated the public purpose exception

Ziyi Huang: On the possibility of empowering international law with a greater role in resolving the South China Sea disputes

James E. Perry: On international investment and national security

Matt Smallcomb: On the evolution of capital market sanctions (CMS) as a supplement or workaround to bilateral and multilateral trade agreements on financial services

Robert Stewart: On routes toward a series of international agreements on net neutrality


Ashley Belyea: On the role of legally defined processes during the transition in South Sudan and identifying interplay between stakeholders and elements of existing and proposed constitutional text for the Republic of South Sudan

Samuel Birnbaum: On the interaction between the international laws proscribing human trafficking and domestic legal regimes

Natascha Born: “The Role of Injunctive Relief in Investment Arbitration”

Andrew Mamo: On the norms of accountability and responsibility in the spheres of international criminal law and history

Derrick Sutter: “Myanmar’s Foreign Investment Law”


Christopher de Laubenfels: On the use of mediations in the resolution of human rights abuses

Akiva Fishman: Means to inform the drafting process by compiling regulations governing private forested land in selected countries that, like Liberia, have substantial standing forest

Emily Kenney: “Developing a Gender Methodology for the Commission of Inquiry”

Julianne Marley: An examination of how the particular interpretive difficulties of MFN status in the context of investment tribunals lead to a problem of discretion – in other words, how interpretive problems give rise to institutional problems

Douglas Petersen: On the theoretical construction of a development-oriented Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) trade preferences program at an international and multilateral level


Ryan Harper: “Article 51 in Today’s World: What Should Really Count as an “Armed Attack?”

Sam Jacobson: An investigation of how blueprints for charter cities and villages—often created, or at least sponsored, by Western scholars and financial backing—work in practice

David Lazarus: An assessment of the merits of the Kurdish peoples’ claims for an independent state in light of the relevant judicial decisions, Security Council resolutions, and operative legal standards in this area of the law, and compare the strength of their case against other examples of national minorities that have asserted the right to self-determination

Neal Sawhney: An exploration of the evolving international legal definition of terrorism

Lori Weekes: A look at whether customary humanitarian law affords different levels of protection to cultural heritage than it does to civilian property generally


Eric Alston: “Drafting Costs, Legislative Deferral and Oversight Mechanisms in Recent African Constitutions”

David King: On theories of International Tribunals

Karen Leung: On individuals as rightless and immigration

Megan O’Neill: On statutes criminalizing child soldiers and potential enforcement issues

Christine Ricardo: On the impact of the Yogyakarta principles on foreign policies


Audrey M. Banks: On the development of improved integrated early warning systems in shaping policy and operations related to human rights and humanitarian issues

Francesco de Prospero: “New Challenges Faced by Central Bankers and the Role of the Rating Agencies. When Supranational Consensus and International Regulation are a Necessity”

Eric Lorber: “The War Powers Resolution and Offensive Cyber Operations: Can Existing Legislation Successfully Constrain Presidential Warmaking Power?”

Lucy Seyfarth: “ICC Investigation During Ongoing Conflicts: the Benefits and Costs”

Sikha Silliman: “From Honor Killing to Sexual Autonomy: Lawyering in the Transition from Customary Norms to Constitutional Law”


Jim Manning: An exploration of issues relating to the United States’ maneuvering within the UN in response to Palestine’s actions

Emily Ponder: On the bounds of enforcing the right to “free, prior, and informed consent” (FPIC) through international trade law

Melissa Reilly-Diakun: On the particularly problematic criterion that must be satisfied under the Responsibility to Protect Doctrine before intervention is justified, that of having reasonable prospects for success

Kendra Wergin: A case for convicting Mladić of genocide


Justin Accomando: “The Lazarus Option: Presidential Enforcement of Dead Treaties”

Christina Koningisor: “Military Crowd-sourcing and the Principle of Distinction”

Michael Shih: “Not this port in the storm: climate litigation and the law of the sea”

Tina Thomas: On recognition and Libyan NTC

Jacob Victor: “Due Process in War:” The Rise of Operational Law and its Implications