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Hot Topic - How do Young Cultural Innovators help bridge divides in their communities?
Salzburg Global Fellows reveal what divides exist in their cities and regions and how their work helps bridge them
Hot Topic - How do Young Cultural Innovators help bridge divides in their communities?
Anna Rawe 
A select number of Fellows at the fifth program of the Salzburg Global Forum for Young Cultural Innovators were asked: What divides exist in your city/region and how does your work help bridge divides? We have published their answers below. “In my region there are divides… that are geographic in terms of the divides between the downtown core and the suburbs in Toronto, which is where I live. Those geographic divides are also representative of other divides like income, racial, cultural… so the city, although it is diverse, it’s also divided up so that that diversity often seems quite segmented. I think my work is about looking at those divides and that segmentation and seeing the innovation that happens in areas that are not part of the downtown core. A lot of resources and attention tend to go in the core of the city but not that much to the outer areas, and I grew out in a community that’s in one of those outer areas, so I really believe in cultivating the work that’s being done out there...” Alyssa Fearon, Canada Curator at the Art Gallery of Southwestern Manitoba, Brandon, Manitoba “There’s a lot of things going on right now back home about fake news and the government, so I think there’s a clear divide between those who support the government and those who actually oppose them. That’s one of the biggest problems we’re facing right now because there’s a lot of propaganda and political manipulation when it comes to information and communication of things. I think for us at the Design Studio we try to have different government agencies and NGOs to try to communicate their messages properly and to try to help them build a better strategy when it comes to saying things more clearly. It’s because these are the times that we actually need to properly address our causes, what we fight for, and the truth, more than anything else… so that’s what we try to help with...” Reymart Cerin, Manila Creative director at The Public School Manila Branding & Design Studio “We have no places for gatherings, we have art centers, museums, exhibitions but for just a small gathering we don’t have a lot of spaces, so we tried to [renovate] abandon places like a senior citizen center, or a community hall or a public office, it’s really hard to find a good place to gather. Another challenge… because it’s the countryside everybody is too busy to have an arts education… To bridge the divide we [also] have to think about the poor people or disabled people, connecting to them to have them enjoy the arts, [so they aren’t] alienated from the arts. Our foundation has moving trucks which go to the mountainous areas or to the fishing villages. We go there and have performances and a moving exhibition system, so they can enjoy the arts for free... Another system is art vouchers, which is when poor people have to buy a book or go to a performance or an exhibition, the cost is really high so we have a discount, like 50%, which is 70 euros for one year, which is not that much but it helps them to have an opportunity to enjoy the arts.” Namhee Joo, Seoul Program manager at Chungnam Arts & Culture Foundation “In my country there is not a different way of thinking - these kinds of things. They are very interesting people that are always searching for something new or something that can make diversity... We are one of the most peaceful countries because we live happily in what we trust and what religion we are.” Anisa Papajani, Tirana Senior sales account executive at Vodafone “We have performances against bullying, on recycling, on emotions and how your reaction to things can affect other people, so I think that is one way that we are trying to bridge this idea of performance being only for the national theatre, the baroque stage kind of thing, to bring arts to everyone...” Dorian Mallia, Malta Artistic director at Moveo Dance Company The Salzburg Global Forum for Young Cultural Innovators V is part of a ten-year multi-year series. This year's program is supported by the Albanian-American Development Foundation, American Express, Arts Council Malta, Arts Council Korea, Asia-Europe Foundation,  Bush Foundation, Cambodian Living Arts, Canada Council for the Arts, Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, Foundation Adelman pour l’Education, Fulbright Greece, Japan Foundation, Korea Foundation, the Llewellyn Thompson Memorial Fellowship, Robert Bosch Stiftung, The Kresge Foundation, Lloyd A. Fry Foundation, The McKnight Foundation, The Nippon Foundation, World Culture Open, Adena and David Testa, and the U.S. Embassy Valetta, Malta. More information on the program can be found here. More information on the series can be found here. You can follow all the discussions on Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram by using the hashtag #SGSyci.
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YCI Forum - Knowing What You Do, Designing For Your User, and Being a Leader
Participants are taking part in workshops led by Arundhati Ghosh, Adam Molyneux-Berry, and Amina Dickerson
YCI Forum - Knowing What You Do, Designing For Your User, and Being a Leader
Oscar Tollat 
A fixture of the Salzburg Global Forum for Young Cultural Innovators over recent years has been a series of capacity-building workshops designed to help participants take their next steps forward in their lives. This year’s program is no exception. Participants will receive advice from three experienced facilitators on different aspects of their work, all three of them having attended programs at Schloss Leopoldskron previously. Adam Molyneux-Berry, an award-winning social entrepreneur and ecosystem builder, is returning to Salzburg for the third time. He is leading a workshop titled “Principles of Self-Organization.” He said, “What we have noticed over the last few years at the YCI [Forum] is that one of the highest requirements [participants] will have when they come into the program is funding. They all say that they are looking for funding. I kind of don’t agree with that... What they actually need is people power. “What this session is about is how they can leverage the strengths that they each have to solve their problems before the money stage, and then get to a point where when they do receive money, they are actually ready to take that money and do something useful with it.” Amina Dickerson, president of Dickerson Global Advisors, meanwhile, will explore the culturally diverse concepts of leadership with participants. She said, “My workshop is about leadership values and vision. It’s really to help the Fellows focus on what their own style of leadership is, what values undergird that, and how they can best prepare themselves for the long arc of their careers with thoughtfulness and intention about how they lead, what it is that is their compelling purpose in leading and then what resources and skills they need to do that in the best way they can. “I think particularly in this time, it is very, very important for leaders to understand what motivates people, what are the tools that they need to really have impact in the world and to be, as many of them have said, authentic leaders.” Arundhati Ghosh, executive director at the India Foundation for the Arts, will be guiding participants on how to communicate the value of their work. She said, “The first part of the session is going to be an understanding of communicating stories and how stories are built around why you do what you do and the people they serve. “But the second part of the session will be more focused on, ‘How do you then take the story and make it work for those that you are seeking resources from?’ It could be funding, it could be partnerships, it could be collaborations...” The Salzburg Global Forum for Young Cultural Innovators V is part of a ten-year multi-year series. This year's program is supported by the Albanian-American Development Foundation, American Express, Arts Council Malta, Arts Council Korea, Asia-Europe Foundation,  Bush Foundation, Cambodian Living Arts, Canada Council for the Arts, Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, Foundation Adelman pour l’Education, Fulbright Greece, Japan Foundation, Korea Foundation, the Llewellyn Thompson Memorial Fellowship, Robert Bosch Stiftung, The Kresge Foundation, Lloyd A. Fry Foundation, The McKnight Foundation, The Nippon Foundation, World Culture Open, Adena and David Testa, and the U.S. Embassy Valetta, Malta. More information on the program can be found here. More information on the series can be found here. You can follow all the discussions on Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram by using the hashtag #SGSyci.
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Rocio Rapoport - I Help Empower Women With Music
Rocio Rapoport at Salzburg Global Seminar - Rapoport started her career as a singer and main composer in rock and fusion bands, among other styles
Rocio Rapoport - I Help Empower Women With Music
Kwasi Gyamfi Asiedu 
“I was a feminist even before I knew I was a feminist… [because as a child] I didn’t know the word existed,” says Rocio Rapoport, an Argentinian musician specializing in experimental pop. Women are undervalued in the music industry, says Rapoport, speaking as a participant of the fifth program of the Salzburg Global Forum for Young Cultural Innovators. She puts this down to the “sustained power of men” in the industry with women enjoying very little or no visibility. “Women in history have done a lot of things, but they have not had the same level of visibility [as men],” Rapoport says forthrightly. To tackle this issue, Rapoport cofounded Blazar in 2014. Taking its name inspiration from an astronomical phenomenon that produces a high energy force, she describes Blazar as “a communion of women artists with the goal of creating better opportunities for women in the music industry.” The collective is now made up of 12 musicians of diverse genres including rock, jazz, electronic music, experimental music, and Argentina’s folklore genre. To ensure women gain more acknowledgment for their work, Blazar aims to get more women on and off the stage at music festivals. Although many festivals are attended by roughly an equal percentage of women and men or sometimes more women than men, the stage has eluded many female acts thus far. A BBC analysis of posters of the UK’s nine biggest music festivals found that 77% of the 756 acts advertised were male in 2018. Rapoport reckons the situation is no different in Argentina and the wider region of Latin America and Spain. Offstage, Blazar also hopes to help groom a cadre of women technicians, producers and festival organizers to ensure that there is gender equality in all aspects of the music business. Another objective of Blazar is to help establish creative collaborations between and among female musicians. For many years, female musicians have been portrayed as rivals, forced into competition with each other for the limited space the music industry has carved out for them. Instead of pitching their music and personalities against each other, Rapoport and her commune of artists work on collaborations among themselves and with those outside the group. “We need to break that idea [that women cannot work together] … so that we can be more strong together, to achieve together...” While many Latin American countries including, until recently Argentina, have had women at the apex of political leadership, a culture of “machismo” persists. “I love Cristina [Fernández de Kirchner],” Rapoport proclaims, “but so many people hate her for being a woman. They criticize how she dresses; they say ‘she talks too much.’ If it was a man that will not be important.” She also talks about the glass ceiling and the gender pay gap in the music industry. The 33-year-old hopes that with her work with Blazar, she can help remove stereotypical notions of women and achieve greater rights for women. She has been prominent in the fight to legalize abortion in Argentina. So many women have died because they resorted to backstreet clinics and unsafe methods to terminate pregnancies, she says. As such, Rapoport uses her music to speak out about women’s rights and advocate for social justice issues such as racism and LGBT rights. Where does Rapoport hope to be in five years? She says, “I hope that Blazar will not really need to exist and thatthere will be no reason for me to make music to empower women." The Salzburg Global Forum for Young Cultural Innovators V is part of a ten-year multi-year series. This year's program is supported by the Albanian-American Development Foundation, American Express, Arts Council Malta, Arts Council Korea, Asia-Europe Foundation,  Bush Foundation, Cambodian Living Arts, Canada Council for the Arts, Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, Foundation Adelman pour l’Education, Fulbright Greece, Japan Foundation, Korea Foundation, the Llewellyn Thompson Memorial Fellowship, Robert Bosch Stiftung, The Kresge Foundation, Lloyd A. Fry Foundation, The McKnight Foundation, The Nippon Foundation, World Culture Open, Adena and David Testa, and the U.S. Embassy Valetta, Malta. More information on the program can be found here. More information on the series can be found here. You can follow all the discussions on Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram by using the hashtag #SGSyci.  
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YCI Forum - Bridging Divides on a Global Scale
Participants in discussion in the Robison Gallery at Schloss Leopoldskron
YCI Forum - Bridging Divides on a Global Scale
Oscar Tollast 
In her maiden speech to the British Parliament, the late Jo Cox said, “We are far more united and have far more in common with each other than things that divide us.” Participants of the fifth program of the Salzburg Global Forum for Young Cultural Innovators were reminded of this quote as they met to discuss the communities and contexts within which they worked. On Wednesday afternoon, participants took part in an interactive, online exercise which involved realtime voting. Initially, they were asked to consider how they felt now and how they hoped to feel at the end of the program. Several people still felt tired, but there was an overwhelming response that the group felt happy, excited, and inspired. Building on this platform, participants hoped to leave Salzburg connected, motivated, hopeful, and empowered. The majority of participants in this year’s program are working within communities that have more than one million people. Each participant was asked to submit three words to define their community/city. Words such as diverse, busy, resilient, and conservative were popular choices. Divides highlighted in these communities included class, race, gender, economic, and political. In addition to this, participants were asked to identify some of the greatest challenges their communities were facing. From all corners of the world, participants identified education, housing, and poverty as key issues. Looking toward the future, participants were asked to think about words they hoped would describe 2050. A range of words were put forward, but it appeared there was an overarching hope that the world in 2050 would be vibrant, healthy, progressive and safe. Participants explored this topic further in table discussions within their hubs. They were asked to consider whether the divides in their communities were getting worse or better and who or what was the cause. Were they working to bridge these divides? If yes, were they doing it alone? If no, what was stopping them? There are tools, tactics and strategies which can be implemented to bridge divides. Participants were asked to think about where they could look for inspiration and hope in their communities, their countries, and around the world to do so. With this in mind, is there a particular divide they themselves within their YCI Hubs could help to bridge? This topic will be discussed further over the next few days. The Salzburg Global Forum for Young Cultural Innovators V is part of a ten-year multi-year series. This year's program is supported by the Albanian-American Development Foundation, American Express, Arts Council Malta, Arts Council Korea, Asia-Europe Foundation,  Bush Foundation, Cambodian Living Arts, Canada Council for the Arts, Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, Foundation Adelman pour l’Education, Fulbright Greece, Japan Foundation, Korea Foundation, the Llewellyn Thompson Memorial Fellowship, Robert Bosch Stiftung, The Kresge Foundation, Lloyd A. Fry Foundation, The McKnight Foundation, The Nippon Foundation, World Culture Open, Adena and David Testa, and the U.S. Embassy Valetta, Malta. More information on the program can be found here. More information on the series can be found here. You can follow all the discussions on Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram by using the hashtag #SGSyci.   #s3gt_translate_tooltip_mini { display: none !important; }
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Hot Topic - Fellows Discuss Take Aways from Building Healthy, Equitable Communities Program
Salzburg Global Fellows reveal their main take aways from Building Healthy, Equitable Communities: The Role of Inclusive Urban Development and Investment
Hot Topic - Fellows Discuss Take Aways from Building Healthy, Equitable Communities Program
Kwasi Gyamfi Asiedu 
A select number of Fellows at Building Healthy, Equitable Communities: The Role of Inclusive Urban Development and Investment were asked: What is one of the take aways you'll leave this program with? We have published their answers below. “This seminar is not only for idea exchange or expert exchange, but also we focused on upper-level philosophical norms, and this time it was equity...This is something I was really impressed with. As I am from [the] health care policy field, I have felt that need of collaboration between health policy, urban design, urban planning, so I [would] like to have an applicable exchange forum in Tokyo which is facing an aging population and population decline [while also hosting the 2020 Olympics]… I would like to invite some Fellows I have met here to Tokyo to have some applicable discussions on how Tokyo could be more a healthier, more equitable city from the perspective of urban planning.” Ryoji Noritake, Japan President of the Health and Global Policy Institute (HGPI) “The uniqueness of this seminar is that we have people from academic institutions who try to generate evidence, we have people who are policy makers and we have [people] who are directly working on the ground at community health, local governments and urban planning departments, as well as NGOs. So for me, it provided me with a unique opportunity to interact with these people. With the connections I have made, I will try to cultivate those connections and look at potential opportunities where we can collaborate in a reciprocal and fruitful manner.” Chinmoy Sarkar, India Assistant professor of geographic/land information system (GIS), urban health and environment at the University of Hong Kong “There is a meeting waiting for me back home in Bangkok on community development. We are on phase one of my project, which I presented about here at the Seminar. I think the knowledge and many techniques learned from here will make my project stronger. I think this was a good opportunity to learn from experts from around the world.” Kornsupha Nitvimol, Thailand Director of human resource and social strategy division at the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) “My takeaway message is that trying to build equitable, healthy, liveable communities is extremely complicated. But what I have realised is that we are all dealing with very similar issues from different contexts, different countries, from countries with different economic development...I think this meeting is an important part of the process of doing that, they are small steps but I think we need to keep the big picture in mind. What I will be doing far more off than I did in the past is to engage much more closely with local councils and with place planners and with people who are actively engaged in designing and building cities... My role as an academic sometimes leaves me somewhat removed from what is going on, on the ground, but increasingly now I realise from mixing with the groups here that I would like to become far more involved in a direct way with groups, policy makers, practitioners, planners [and] with people who are actively using the evidence that I generate to build healthy equitable communities. It has been a fantastic experience... I have learnt so much, it has been challenging, it has taken me out of my comfort zone and introduced me to a whole range of experiences and ideas that I didn’t have before I came here. So I will go away with some new friends, collaborations and a great sense of belonging to something that is exciting and holds a lot of hope.” Gavin Turrell, Australia Professor of place and health at Deakin University, Melbourne The program Building Healthy, Equitable Communities: The Role of Inclusive Urban Development and Investment is part of Salzburg Global Seminar's multi-year series Health and Health Care Innovation. This year's program is held in partnership with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Keep up to date with the conversations taking place during the program. Follow #SGShealth on Twitter and Instagram.
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What We Can Learn from Cape Town’s Water Crisis
Noxolo Kabane, researcher and public policy practitioner with the Western Cape Department of Human Settlement, at Salzburg Global Seminar
What We Can Learn from Cape Town’s Water Crisis
Kwasi Gyamfi Asiedu 
“By 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water” is the stark warning which accompanies the sixth goal of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. But for the people of Cape Town and neighboring towns in the Western Cape province of South Africa, 2050 has already arrived. Over the past few years, climate change has meant rainfall for Cape Town has significantly reduced. As such, the Cape Town dam supplying much of the city’s water has been drying up quickly. “Day Zero,” a day where taps run dry in the city of 4.2 million habitants, had been scheduled for August 2018. This ominous occasion has since been pushed back until 2019. While climate change contributed majorly to reclining dam levels, the failure of city authorities to manage water effectively and the unsustainable use by citizens also played a role. “It became really really bad in that our dam levels reached less than 20% in terms of water capacity…[and so we had] to put in place water restrictions,” says Noxolo Kabane, researcher and public policy practitioner with the Western Cape Department of Human Settlements, speaking at the Salzburg Global Seminar program, Building Healthy, Equitable Communities: The Role of Inclusive Urban Development and Investment. The decision to push back “Day Zero” came after significant rainfall and a raft of drastic measures to control water use, which were implemented by the provincial government. Water use was reduced to 50 liters per person, many public toilets were shut, and watering lawns with tap water was discouraged. The government used a system to monitor water meters and cut off and fined households deemed to be wasting water. The water crisis had great implications for health. In some cases, hospitals were not getting water because of the restrictions. “If it’s yellow, let it mellow, if it’s brown, flush it down” was the mantra used to urged Capetonians to flush feces, not urine. Not flushing increased the risk of urinary tract infection and the closure of handwashing sinks in public places also increased the risk of other diseases. One of the legacies of apartheid which remains is the race divide in housing that exists in many parts of South Africa. The end of apartheid witnessed an increase in urbanization as the majority black population were able to move freely. But decades of racial exclusion meant cities such as Cape Town had no plans for them hence the spawning of informal settlements such as Khayelitsha. For residents of Cape Town’s informal settlements, who already had limited access to basic sanitation services, the crisis hit hard. Kabane says, “But the flip side to that is that we were learning from them [on how to cope] because that was a daily reality: not having access to water and the resilience [they had built over time] ... around water saving and being more water savvy.” The dams are rising now, but Kabane warns of complacency. “There is this perception that we are fine,” she says, “but I don’t think this is the attitude we should be having. We should still be sticking to using water in a sustainable manner...” Kabane says “we should not take water for granted because we assume that when the dams are full, we have got water in abundance and that it will never run out. We should always be futuristic in terms of the resource and how we use it.” Kabane hopes Cape Town’s crisis will spark conversations around water use by governments and citizens. She says, “Being more proactive is what I think other countries can learn from Cape Town. We’re faced with a situation where we had to act very quickly, whereas if we had planned before the time...I think we could have handled the situation better.” In hindsight, Kabane believes a benefit of the crisis was people began to evaluate how they used water. She says, “It was not something that was just left to environmentalists who are the ones that normally advocate for sustainable use of natural resources. But now, it became the whole of society... [with] people actually sharing ideas with each other in terms what they are doing in their homes to save water, so people stood together and held hands to walk through the crisis.” The program Building Healthy, Equitable Communities: The Role of Inclusive Urban Development and Investment is part of Salzburg Global Seminar's multi-year series Health and Health Care Innovation. This year's program is held in partnership with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Keep up to date with the conversations taking place during the program. Follow #SGShealth on Twitter and Instagram.
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Change-Makers Meet in Salzburg for Fifth Program of Young Cultural Innovators Forum
Participants taking part in the fifth program of the Salzburg Global Forum for Young Cultural Innovators
Change-Makers Meet in Salzburg for Fifth Program of Young Cultural Innovators Forum
Kwasi Gyamfi Asiedu 
Emerging cultural leaders from around the world will meet in Salzburg, Austria, this week as they become the latest Fellows of the Salzburg Global Forum for Young Cultural Innovators. Fifty-five professionals are taking part in the fifth program of the YCI Forum at Schloss Leopoldskron, which takes place between October 16-21. Now in its fifth year, the Salzburg Global Forum for Young Cultural Innovators is a 10-year project which aims to build collaborative networks for human capital and leadership development within the cultural sector globally. The YCI network now has more than 250 members across all continents. The one-week program in Salzburg will comprise a series of workshops, discussions and practical capacity-building exercises centered on leadership and values, communicating the value of one's work and principles of self-organization. Aged between 25 and 35, the participants represent diverse creative disciplines, gender and geographic contexts. Participants are working across a broad range of cultural professions including architecture, urban planning, creative placemaking, design, performing and visual arts. This year’s program will be attended by participants from YCI Hubs in Baltimore, Buenos Aires, Canada, Detroit, Japan, Malta, Manila, Memphis, Nairobi, New Orleans, Salzburg, Seoul, Tirana, and the Upper Midwest United States. Several participants from previous YCI programs will return to act as resource specialists and facilitators. Susanna Seidl-Fox, program director for culture and the arts at Salzburg Global Seminar, said, “The main goals of this week’s Forum in Salzburg are to welcome fifty-five new members from around the world into the YCI network, connect them with each other, and provide opportunities for them to reflect on their own practices as well as their roles in their communities, cities, and as part of the YCI network worldwide. “Their participation is the beginning of what we hope will be a long term engagement with an active community of creative people around the globe, who are striving to make this world a better place for all.” The Salzburg Global Forum for Young Cultural Innovators V is part of a ten-year multi-year series. This year's program is supported by the Albanian-American Development Foundation, American Express, Arts Council Malta, Arts Council Korea, Asia-Europe Foundation,  Bush Foundation, Cambodian Living Arts, Canada Council for the Arts, Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, Foundation Adelman pour l’Education, Fulbright Greece, Japan Foundation, Korea Foundation, the Llewellyn Thompson Memorial Fellowship, Robert Bosch Stiftung, The Kresge Foundation, Lloyd A. Fry Foundation, The McKnight Foundation, The Nippon Foundation, World Culture Open, Adena and David Testa, and the U.S. Embassy Valetta, Malta. More information on the program can be found here. More information on the series can be found here. You can follow all the discussions on Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram by using the hashtag #SGSyci.  
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Can Games Help Senior Officials Govern in the Age of Artificial Intelligence?
This case study was used at Mechanics for the Future: How Can Governments Transform Themselves?
Can Games Help Senior Officials Govern in the Age of Artificial Intelligence?
Oscar Tollast 
The growth of artificial intelligence (AI) has been steadily rising. Visions of the future once only present in films and books are becoming a step closer to reality. There is a pressing need to understand the risks and opportunities of AI and what it means for societies across the world. With this argument in mind, one could argue the time for fun and games is over. However, that might not be the case, according to Kevin Desouza, a professor in the School of Management at the Queensland University of Technology. Desouza and others believe one way to examine the potential for advances in AI in transforming how we govern is through gamification. The concept was floated at this year’s annual retreat of the Public Sector Strategy Network, a multi-year series held at Salzburg Global Seminar in partnership with the Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Court and in cooperation with Apolitical. This initiative is designed to build a “mutually-supportive coalition of individuals and institutions on the frontline of digital, financial and societal disruption, promoting effective public leadership and strategic communication.” The meeting – Mechanics for the Future: How Can Governments Transform Themselves? – involved participations taking part in a simulation devised by Desouza and two co-authors: Richard Watson from the University of Georgia and David Bray from the People-Centered Internet Coalition. Participants were presented with three consecutive cases and were asked to reflect on multiple possible solutions and how they might react to events given their own differences in experience, expertise, or government role. The case study takes place in the world of Intelligensia. Players are assigned roles such as minister of health, chief information officer, or as a patient with a terminal illness. Together, they work through a scene and capture responses to several questions. In a brief explaining the case study, which can be downloaded in full here, Desouza, Watson, and Bray write, “The case study is deliberately focused on issues that take place 6-24 months from now, a technological reality about to challenge society’s conventions. The case is intended to stretch the imagination of participants and to encourage independent thought regarding potential challenges and opportunities based on current R&D trajectories for AI as well as deliberative political, social, and economic systems.” The idea for the case came from discussions with public managers and senior leaders from public, private and non-profit institutions. Speaking with Salzburg Global, Desouza said, “In my discussions, two things became clear. First, individuals needed a more nuanced introduction to the implications of machine learning systems… Second, they needed tools to help them envision how the future of autonomous systems will impact all facets of society to think through the economic, political, and policy implications.” Writing a case study appeared to be a “natural idea,” according to Desouza. It would give people something tangible to work through, both as individuals and in group settings. Desouza said, “The case study allows people to get their minds and hands dirty as they wrestle with scenarios, fill in incomplete information, make their assumptions explicit, and debate responses and logic behind them.” Desouza believes it is important for senior officials to get ahead when it comes to the future of autonomous systems. When it comes to AI, Desouza says, “What we do not yet understand is how autonomous systems operating at the ecosystem level… will shape outcomes and interactions across all levels of our society… This is where we need a more holistic approach to imagining the future of these systems. We need to think about their design implications and their influences and impacts on the principles and values of our societies.” To download and read Desouza, Watson and Bray’s case study in full, please click here. Alternatively, view the publication on ISSUU
Desouza attended Mechanics for the Future: How Can Governments Transform Themselves? This meeting was part of the Public Sector Strategy Network, a multi-year initiative held in partnership with the Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Court and in cooperation with Apolitical. More information on this session can be found here.
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Building Healthy, Equitable Communities - The Role of Inclusive Urban Development and Investment
Photo by Blake Wheeler on Unsplash
Building Healthy, Equitable Communities - The Role of Inclusive Urban Development and Investment
Anna Rawe 
Over half of the world’s population live in urban areas. As that number continues to rise to unprecedented levels, the question of how this affects our health becomes much more urgent to answer. Cities appear to be in the midst of rapid change with new building developments and gentrification increasingly becoming defining fixtures. Despite this, inequality still remains constant. Cities have a symbiotic relationship with the people who live in them. As demographics fluctuate, how can they adapt to meet the needs of aging populations, millennials or rising obesity levels? Key to this is the symbiotic relationship between people and public transport, as well as who has access to and ownership of different spaces and areas within a city. How can housing, alternative transportation methods, and parks be distributed to allow access to a higher number of people? Furthermore, do these changes ensure that everyone has a fair and just opportunity to be healthier? Essential to this discussion is looking at how communities can take ownership of these changes and a how a shared sense of community can be fostered, combatting the inherent compartmentalization of cities. Citizen science and data could perhaps be a new area through which we can ensure the health benefits of new changes are spread equably through communities and is one of many new trends that policymakers and community advocates must investigate and respond to. As part of Salzburg Global Seminar's Health and Health Care Innovation multi-year series, 60 health and urban planning experts will convene at Schloss Leopoldskron, in Salzburg, Austria, for Building Healthy, Equitable Communities: The Role of Inclusive Urban Development and Investment. Partnering with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, this five-day program will see participants investigate how action can be taken at local and regional levels and identify innovative approaches which can be incorporated into best practice. This program follows on from last year's program, Building Healthy Communities: The Role of Hospitals, which looked at how we can create a culture of health that goes beyond purely treating illnesses in hospitals. From Thursday, participants will share their knowledge and experiences from working in vastly different communities in countries all over the world. Participants have engaged with these issues from standpoints varying from citizen groups, central government agencies, nature conservationists and beyond and will come together in working groups to create practical solutions. John Lotherington, program director at Salzburg Global Seminar responsible for health and health care, said, "We're very much looking forward to this second in our present series of programs collaborating with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. We will be looking at the conditions which can create and protect health and wellbeing and going beyond the traditional focus on health care for when people get sick.  "Here we'll be thinking about how much-added value can be gained when urban planners and place-makers, and those responsible for housing, for transportation, for green spaces, engage with each other and communities to realize fully the impact they can achieve on health.  This is going to be an exciting exploration of how we can make healthier cities." The program Building Healthy, Equitable Communities: The Role of Inclusive Urban Development and Investment is part of Salzburg Global Seminar's multi-year series Health and Health Care Innovation. This year's program is held in partnership with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Keep up to date with the conversations taking place during the program. Follow #SGShealth on Twitter and Instagram.
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