The Globalizers 1990 to 2004

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Jun 23, 2017
by Nicole Bogart and Oscar Tollast
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The Globalizers 1990 to 2004

It began with the aim to help Europeans learn about America and re-engage with each other, but over the decades, the Salzburg Seminar became Salzburg Global Seminar as our Fellows came from ever further afield and took their experiences out into the wider world.

Listed below are short profiles of Salzburg Global Fellows identified as part of "The Globalizers" group. These Fellows attended sessions between 1990 and 2004 as the Seminar continued to broaden its reach beyond the United States and Central Europe.

Aiko Doden

(1965-)

From 1998, the Freeman Foundation funded a 15-year series to help strengthen connections between academics and young leaders in the US and Asia. One such Fellow was Japanese journalist Aiko Doden. Named one of Japan’s most influential women in 2017 by the US Council on Foreign Relations, Japanese broadcast journalist Doden has attended multiple Salzburg sessions and now co-chairs the Seminar’s Japanese Advisory Council. She has made use of her Salzburg connections to expand her journalistic focus and a rich array of sources, becoming a familiar commentator on international affairs for the NHK network. In 2013, during the Seminar’s first full-fledged session in Asia, Doden produced and hosted a panel discussion and accompanying documentary that was aired by NHK worldwide.

Doden is regularly highlighted as an active advocate for changing the working culture for women in Japan, and globally. “I don't think it was a coincidence that the first session I attended was Peace Building and the Role of Women. Salzburg Global Seminar is always a little ahead of time in identifying the issues that matter.”

Kristalina Georgieva

(1953-)

Rising from the position of a researcher in Bulgaria to Chief Executive Officer of the World Bank, Kristalina Georgieva has said, “Salzburg defines who I am.” Georgieva attended the session Negotiation Theory and Practice in 1990 – an experience she says was her “first exposure to the world.” There she met a professor at MIT and made the connection that launched her career. She moved to the US as a Fulbright scholar and undertook research which led to a 20-year career at the World Bank. In 2010 she joined the European Commission as Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response before returning to the World Bank in 2017. Georgieva remains involved with Salzburg Global, most recently attending as a keynote speaker in February 2017 at the fifth annual Cutler Fellows Program in Washington, DC.

Speaking at the 2017 Cutler Fellows Program, Georgieva told students, “I hope we do not have to learn in the hardest way possible that we are in this world together.”

Nabil Alawi

(1954-)

A fervent supporter of democracy and human rights, Nabil Alawi first became involved with the Seminar in 1995, attending an American Studies Center session on literature of ethnicity in the US. He joined a group of distinguished scholars from different countries to explore the session’s topic and received additional training on the use of email and the internet, which was still in its infancy. His involvement with the Seminar continued in 2012 when he attended a Salzburg Seminar American Studies Association (SSASA) symposium. Alawi, who works in the Department of English at An-Najah University in Palestine, used these experiences to coordinate an American Studies program at his university. He has since identified Palestinian scholars to attend SSASA symposia, working closely with the American Consulate General in Jerusalem to ensure support for his nominees.

Timothy Phillips

(1960-)

After attending a session in 1991, Boston-based Timothy Phillips was so inspired that he decided to found a “Salzburg Seminar on wheels,” taking the Seminar’s approach to war-torn regions. Founded in 1992 as the Project on Justice in Times of Transition, the resulting conflict resolution and reconciliation initiative “Beyond Conflict” made significant contributions to the Northern Ireland peace process, helped introduce the truth commission concept to South Africa, and fostered national reconciliation in Nicaragua. Phillips returned to the Seminar again a further two times to share his global approach to peace-building. He now also serves as a strategic consultant to early-stage nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) on issues of civil society and conflict resolution.

Notable Faculty

Since 1947, all faculty have served voluntarily, taking no fee, including those below who led sessions during our “globalizing” years.

David S. Broder

S.336 (’96); S.388 (’01)
Pulitzer Prize recipient; former national political correspondent, The Washington Post

Hillary Clinton

S.348 (’97)
Former First Lady of the United States, US Senator; later US Secretary of State

Richard Goldstone

S.339 (’96); S.359 (’98); S.390 (’01); S.412 (’03); ISP15 (’06);
HOL1 (’10); S.535 (’14)
Former Chief Prosecutor, International War Crimes Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda

Noeleen Heyzer

S.353 (’98); S.406 (’03); S.433 (’06); S.483 (’11)
Executive Director of United Nations Development Fund for Women; later UN Under-Secretary General

Michael Kirby

S.243 (’85); S.380 (’00); S.551 (’15); S.556 (’15); S.570 (’16)
Former Justice of the High Court of Australia; later chaired UNHRC Commission on Human Rights in North Korea (DPRK)

Václav Klaus

S.281 (’90); S.367 (’99)
Czech economist and politician who served as Prime Minister of the Czech Republic in 1993 and then President between 2003 and 2013

Pascal Lamy

S.333 (’96); S.424 (’05)
CEO of French bank Crédit Lyonnais; later Director-General of the World Trade Organization (WTO)

Lee Hong-Koo

S.301 (’93); S.415 (’03);
Former Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea

Ismail Mahomed

S.370 (’99)
First non-white person to be appointed Senior Council in South Africa; later Chief Justice of South Africa

Makaziwe Mandela

S.330 (’95); S.484 (’11)
South African businesswoman and director of the Nelson Mandela Foundation

Vitit Muntarbhorn

S.320 (’94); S.366 (’99)
Thai law professor; now the first-ever UN Independent Expert on violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity

Olusegun Obasanjo

S.281 (’90)
Former military ruler of Nigeria between 1976 and 1979 who later, as a civilian, served as president between 1999 and 2007

Mary Robinson

S.370 (’99)
Former President of Ireland; later UN High Commissioner for Human Rights; now member of “The Elders”

Vaira Vike-Freiberga

S. 388 (’01); S.543 (’14)
First female President of Latvia between 1999 and 2007; now serves as President of the Club de Madrid