Past Program


This session was by invitation only

"Microbes are not deterred by borders, and neither are we."

In an ever-connected world, the need to identify, prepare for, and deter outbreaks at the national, regional and global level has never been so important. In 2018, Salzburg Global Seminar and Ending Pandemics convened representatives from 26 organizations (including national and international public health agencies, NGOs, universities, and foundations) to revise a draft set of outbreak timeliness metrics and develop a framework for implementation. Four days of in-depth discussion and rigorous debate resulted in a set of metrics for use by both public health agencies and other interested organizations to assess the timeliness of their outbreak detection and response efforts. 

Building on this effort, and in light of the fact that the majority of infectious diseases in humans originate in animals, Ending Pandemics and Salzburg Global Seminar are convening a second immersive, invitation-only program to build upon these established metrics and extend them to the field of One Health surveillance. During the program we will expand these timeliness metrics for use in the animal and environmental health sectors, with the ultimate goal of designing simple metrics to monitor progress in finding both animal and human outbreaks faster.

This multi-sectoral program will include up to 45 participants representing countries and organizations from around the world. The fully residential program, held in the retreat-like setting of Schloss Leopoldskron, is designed to allow intimate, dynamic and constructive engagement over the course of four days. The duration of the program is held under the Chatham House Rule to allow free and open exchange. The participatory nature of the program allows participants to engage in candid dialogue and fresh thinking, and to expand collaborate to find practical, innovative solutions that can increase the effectiveness and timeliness of outbreak response efforts.

Program Goals
This program defined a set of outbreak timeliness metrics to monitor progress towards finding and reporting outbreaks faster. We have successfully developed and socialized the outbreak timeliness metrics for the public health sector; now we seek to extend them to the livestock, wildlife, vector, and environmental communities. Incorporating these additional elements resulted in a comprehensive set of metrics that can be used for One Health surveillance. 

Program Outcomes:

  • Defined outbreak milestones relevant to the animal health, wildlife, and environmental sectors. 
  • Identified key barriers to implementation at the national and transboundary levels and developed guidance to address these barriers.
  • Mapped concrete steps to align the One Health outbreak metrics framework with other efforts to improve disease surveillance capacity.  
  • Identified key agencies and stakeholders for advancing the outbreak timeliness metrics in the One Health space. 

For a summary of the program, download our 12-page newsletter, featuring illustrations, interviews, and insights.


Wande Alimi
Anti-microbial Resistance Program Coordinator, Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, Africa Union, Ehtiopia
Assaf Anyamba
Principal Earth Scientist, Universities Space Research Association, Goddard Space Flight Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA
Diana Arsenian
Graphic Facilitator, USA
Donewell Bangure
Epidemiologist, Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC), African Union, Ethiopia
Jessica Bell
Senior Program Officer, Global Biological Policy and Programs, Nuclear Threat Institute (NTI), USA
Karoon Chanachai
Chief, Coordinating Center of Laboratory-Epidemiology Network, National Institute of Animal Health, Department of Livestock Development (DLD), Thailand
Adam Crawley
Program Officer, Ending Pandemics, USA
Osman Dar
Director, One Planet-One Health Project, Centre on Global Health Security, Chatham House, UK
Nitish Debnath
Professor, Chottagram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University and Director of Teaching and Training, Pet Hospital and Research Centre, Bangladesh
Caroline Smith DeWaal
International Program Manager, Food and Drug Administration, USA
Nomita Divi
MSPH, Director, Ending Pandemics, U.S.A.
Sophie von Dobschuetz
Veterinary Epidemiologist, Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations, Italy
Jonathan Gass
Infectious Disease Researcher and Monitoring and Evaluation, Specialist, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, USA
Emma Glennon
Ph.D. Candidate and Gates-Cambridge, University of Cambridge, UK
Tiggy Grillo
National Coordinator, Wildlife Health Australia, Australia
Christian Haggenmiller
Research Coordinator, Health & Security, Institute for Defence and Strategic Studies, Germany
Barbara Han
Disease Ecologist, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, USA
Nirmal Kandel
Technical Officer, Department of Country Health Emergency Preparedness and IHR, WHO, Switzerland
Esron Karimuribo
One Health Epidemiology Professor & Director of Postgraduate Studies and Research, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania
Fairouz Larfaoui
Animal Health Officer, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Italy
May Oo Lwin
Professor of Communication, Wee Kim Wee School of Communication & Information, & Associate Dean, College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, Nanyang Technology University, Singapore
Jonna Mazet
Professor, Epidemiology and Disease Ecology, and Executive Director, One Health Institute, UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, USA
Tracey McNamara
Veterinary Pathologist and Professor of Pathology, Western University of Health Sciences College of Veterinary Medicine, USA
Peter Melens
Deputy Head, World Animal Health Information and Analysis Department, World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), France
Kujtim Mersinaj
One Health Expert, Southeast European Center for Surveillance and Control of Infectious Diseases (SECID), Albania
Thierry Nyatanyi
Physician and Public Health Specialist, Rwanda
Julie Pavlin
Director, Board on Global Health, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, USA
Anne Perrocheau
Senior Medical Epidemiologist, World Health Organization, Switzerland
David Pigott
Assistant Professor, Health Metrics Sciences, Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, USA
Aim Prasarnphanich
Chief, One Health branch, U.S. CDC Southeast Asia Regional Office, Thailand
Officer-in- Charge, Centre for One Health Education, Advocacy, Research and Training (COHEART), India
Mark Rweyemamu
Executive Director, SACIDS (Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance) Foundation for One Health, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania
Sok Samnang
Deputy Director, Communicable Disease Control Department, Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Cambodia
Jan Carlo Semenza
Head, Health Determinants Programme, European Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Sweden
Sean Shadomy
Public Health Expert & Liaison, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) One Health Office to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), USA
Mark Smolinski
President, Ending Pandemics, USA
Kachen Wongsathapornchai
Veterinary Epidemiologist, Food and Agriculture Organization, Thailand
Jek Yano
Assistant Professor, Department of Food Animal Clinics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Thailand