China is part of the Asia group , which also includes India, Mongolia, Japan, the Korean peninsula, Southeast Asia and the Pacific islands. Australia and New Zealand, though geographically close, are treated separately because their history as European settler societies has led to unique implications with regard to understandings of the Holocaust.

Holocaust awareness in CHINA has been growing rapidly in the last 20 years. The city of Shanghai housed some 30,000 Jewish refugees during World War II, but Chinese awareness of the Holocaust during and immediately after World War II did not extend much beyond the city.  As Jewish studies professor Xu Xin points out, the “reason was not a lack of sympathy or indifference on the part of the Chinese, but rather their own substantial suffering … .” 


GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES ON HOLOCAUST EDUCATION: Trends, Patterns, and Practices,  a publication of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and  the Salzburg Global Seminar, 2013
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GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES ON HOLOCAUST EDUCATION: Country update 2014, published ahead of the Salzburg Global Seminar session Holocaust and Genocide Education: Sharing Experience Across Borders

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Anne Frank House

Facing History and Ourselves

Hong Kong Holocaust and Tolerance Centre

International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance

Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum

UNESCO:  Why Teach About the Holocaust?, 2013

Yad Vashem


“Rape of Nanking 1937” n.p.  

Guang, Pan. “Shanghai: A Haven for Holocaust Victims.” The Holocaust and the United Nations Outreach Programme Journal. Discussion Papers Series, Vol II/6.

Xin, Xu. “Holocaust Education in China.” The Holocaust and the United Nations Outreach Programme Journal. Discussion Papers Series, New York: United Nations, 2009.



Meng Yang, PhD Candidate, Freie Universitat Berlin

Following the 2014 Session, Meng wrote a paper on Holocaust education in China which was selected by the annual conference of association of Israel studies. Meng worked as a volunteer for the 70th anniversary of the liberation of the concentration camp Sachsenhausen in Berlin. In October 2014, she gave a public speech on the state of Holocaust education in China.  

In 2017, Meng wrote an article titled "From Auschwitz to Nanjing - Holocaust Education in China" for one of the most influential media sites in China. This article was published on December 13 - the 80th anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre.


Glenn Timmermans, Associate Professor, University of Macao

Glenn credits the two HEGP sessions in 2012 and 2014 with the beginnings of the formation of a Pan Asian Holocaust and Genocide Education Network. He has applied to the IHRA for seed money for this Pan-Asian Network in the hopes of building a network similar to the IHRA. He was granted this money. Glenn authored a piece on Holocaust education in China, in which SGS is featured prominently. The piece was planned to be published in early 2016 in the United States, and Glenn commented that he would forward a copy. In May of 2014, he helped hold a genocide awareness event in Hong Kong and invited Khamboly Dy from Cambodia as a panelist (another SGS Fellow). 

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