Past Program

Jun 12 - Jun 15, 2011

International Responses to Genocide: A comparative study of the dynamics of decision-making


This multi-year project is being developed in partnership with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum under the direction of Michael Abramowitz, (Director, Committee on Conscience, USHMM) and seeks to improve the chances that genocide can in future be halted, deterred or otherwise prevented, based on a careful study of international responses to genocidal violence. (Key questions include why past genocides were allowed to happen, how various actors behaved before and during them, and whether different actions by any or all of them would likely have produced a different result.)

We expect to do this through a series of case studies of selected past genocides, during which eyewitnesses, key international actors, and scholars will be asked to take part in in-depth, multi-perspective analyses of the impact that international decision-making had, or could have had, on the perpetrators.

The information assembled in each case study will be used to develop new insights, and the core group managing the project will bring these together in a cumulative analysis, on which current and future policymakers who have to deal with threats of genocide can draw.

The USHMM will be hosting the first expert planning meeting for this project from September 9 - September 11, 2012 in Washington DC. Key experts will be involved in this planning meeting to determine the specific case studies that this project will examine and to shape its development.

We expect that the first case study session coming out of this project will be held in Salzburg in 2013.



Multi-year Program

Over the last half century a great many programs on Holocaust education and initiatives on Holocaust remembrance have been launched and continue to be implemented in countries primarily located in Europe and North America and Israel, most of whom are members of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA). However, little is known about programs and initiatives on the subject outside of IHRA.

Salzburg Global Seminar, together with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, seeks to bring greater awareness of Holocaust education and remembrance programs in other countries with the objective of fostering dialogue, promoting tolerance, and providing a knowledge-sharing resource platform.

You can read more about our multi-year program on Holocaust Education and Genocide Prevention on our website: