Past Program

Jun 27 - Jun 29, 2016

Financing the Global Economy: How Can Traditional and Non-Traditional Sources Be Integrated?


Against the background of fragile economic recovery and slowing growth in emerging markets in the aftermath of the financial crisis, the focus of policy-makers and regulators is shifting from fixing the causes of the last crisis to stimulating growth. While the banking sector has been deleveraging after the crisis and grappling with new regulatory requirements worldwide, its ability to fund the real economy and promote growth is becoming constrained. Tightening fiscal constraints have also reduced the ability of the public sector to fund policies favoring growth and jobs. Traditional bank intermediation is still important but technological changes seem to enable a shift to market-based, non-traditional financing models worldwide.

Market-based finance promises to provide healthy competition for banks and offers new sources for financing economic expansion. The challenges in developing and supporting capital markets differ from region to region. For example, the US needs to attract global savings and investment to the US public markets, especially at a time of increasing capital markets competition. Europe, by contrast, seeks to diversify beyond bank financing by channeling domestic savings toward local growth projects and to increase reliance on equity over debt. Emerging markets seek to create regulatory structures that can channel domestic savings into sound local products and projects, and attract foreign investment without exposing local markets to "sudden stops" in investment which can imperil growth and stability. Alongside these differing regional objectives, the globalization of capital markets calls for a new supervisory and regulatory community at the international level. Markets are attractive to investors in proportion to their transparency, stability and liquidity. These three factors require a regulatory framework for participants and the market itself that deliver reasonable predictable results. Fintech is also changing the face of the financial industry. It has already started transforming banking in mobile payments, peer-to-peer lending and other areas, and is likely to have a profound impact on capital markets as well.

The 6th Salzburg Forum on Global Finance in a Changing World will explore how banks, non-bank intermediaries and markets all contribute to the sound functioning of the global economy. It will evaluate current approaches to strengthening recovery and examine the shift to market-based financing. It will also examine the increase in electronic trading and use of high speed algorithms. It will identify preconditions for strong and stable capital markets, necessary policies to support their development, and methods of managing associated risks.

Participant Profile

The Forum brought together policymakers; regulators and supervisors (in particular securities regulators); financial services firms and alternative financial intermediaries; consultants and academics.


Paul Andrews
Secretary General, International Organization of Securities Commissions, Madrid
Cyrus Ardalan
Chairman, OakNorth; former Vice Chairman and Head of UK and EU Government Relations and Public Policy, Barclays, London
Guido Bichisao
Director Institutional Strategy Department, European Investment Bank, Luxembourg (invited)
Francesca Carlesi
Global Head of Regulatory Affairs, Deutsche Bank, London
Raj Date
Managing Partner, Fenway Summer LLC, Washington, DC
Andreas Dombret
Global Senior Advisor, Oliver Wyman; International Senior Advisor, Houlihan Lokey; former Board Member of the Deutsche Bundesbank
Douglas Flint
Chairman, Standard Life Aberdeen
José Manuel González-Páramo
Chairman, European DataWarehouse GmbH; Europe Chair, TransAtlantic Business Council (TABC); Professor, IESE Business School
Edward Greene
Senior Counsel, Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton, New York
Levin Holle
Head of Financial Markets Policy Department, Federal Ministry of Finance, Berlin
Jacob Hook
Partner, Head of Public Policy, Asia Pacific, and Australia and New Zealand Market Leader, Oliver Wyman, London
Jaidev Janardana
CEO, ZOPA Ltd. London
Patrick Kenadjian
Senior Counsel, Davis Polk & Wardwell London LLP, London
Michael Krimminger
Partner, Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, Washington DC
Wendy Lucas-Bull
Chairman of Barclays Africa Group Limited, Absa Bank Limited and Absa Financial Services Limited, South Africa
Steven Maijoor
Chairman, European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA), Paris
Sandra O'Connor
Chief Regulatory Affairs Officer, JPMorgan Chase & Co, New York
Randal Quarles
Managing Director, The Cynosure Group, Salt Lake City, UT
David Wright
Chair, EUROFI, Paris, partner at Flint-Global, London; former Secretary General, IOSCO, Madrid