Past Program

Nov 20, 2016

The Sixth Annual Lloyd N. Cutler Lecture on the Rule of Law: Law and the Use of Force: Challenges for the Next President


The Cutler Lectureship, in memory of Lloyd N. Cutler, who served Salzburg Global Seminar for more than two decades as Board Chair, is presented annually and features a distinguished speaker on a vital legal issue of international interest.

The Sixth Annual Lloyd N. Cutler Lecture was hosted by Justice Anthony Kennedy at the Supreme Court of the United States on Sunday, November 20, 2016, 6:00 - 9:00pm. The lecture with the title "Law and the Use of Force: Challenges for the Next President", was delivered by John B. Bellinger, III, Former U.S. Legal Adviser and Salzburg Global Fellow:

The United States has been using military force in other countries continuously for the last fifteen years, the longest period in American history. Mr. Bellinger discussed the domestic and international law limits on the use of force by the President, reflecting on the last two Presidencies and looking ahead to the legal challenges for the next President.

About John B. Bellinger III

John B. Bellinger III is a partner in the international and national security law practices of Arnold & Porter in Washington, DC, and Adjunct Senior Fellow in International and National Security Law at the Council on Foreign Relations. A globally known expert on international law, he served as The Legal Adviser for the Department of State from 2005-2009 and previously as Senior Associate Counsel to the President and Legal Adviser to the National Security Council at the White House from 2001-2005. He previously served as Counsel for National Security Matters in the Criminal Division of the Department of Justice and as Special Assistant to Director of Central Intelligence William Webster. He is a member and former chair of the Secretary of State's Advisory Committee on International Law and a member and former chair of the U.S. "National Group" that nominates judges to the International Court of Justice. He writes, speaks, and testifies regularly on international and national security law issues. He holds a J.D. from Harvard Law School, an M.A. in Foreign Affairs from the University of Virginia, and an A.B. from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University.

About Lloyd N. Cutler

Lloyd N. Cutler (1917-2005), who has been described as the last "super lawyer," had a brilliant legal career. A founder of the Washington, DC law firm, Wilmer Cutler & Pickering, and White House Counsel to two US presidents, he fulfilled the calling of a public servant over his lifetime. He was a long-time champion of Salzburg Global Seminar and a friend and colleague to many of the distinguished jurists, attorneys and policymakers whom he encouraged to attend its sessions.

For almost 30 years, Cutler played a central role in guiding Salzburg Global Seminar, serving as board chairman from 1984 to 1994, and as the visionary who helped broaden the focus of Salzburg Global's distinguished series of law sessions.

As a lasting tribute to the Cutler legacy, Salzburg Global Seminar has established the Lloyd N. Cutler Center for the Rule of Law whose mission is threefold: 

1.    To seek solutions to global problems in areas where the law is inadequate or unfolding

2.    To advance the role of independent judiciaries globally and promote universal access to justice

3.    To employ innovative methods to engage new audiences and raise awareness of legal principles and why they matter.

Lloyd Cutler's influence on both people and institutions is felt thoughout the United States and around the world. In his tradition and his name, Salzburg Global Seminar continues to advance the Rule of Law through the Lloyd N. Cutler Center with the Salzburg Cutler Fellows Program and the Annual Lloyd N. Cutler Lecture.

To learn more about the Lloyd N. Cutler Center, please contact: