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1814, 1914, 2014: Lessons from the Past, Visions for the Future 25 Aug - 29 Aug, 2014
JUSTICE1814, 1914, 2014: Lessons from the Past, Visions for the Future25 Aug - 29 Aug, 2014


    2014 marks the centenary of the outbreak of World War One and the bicentenary of the opening of the Congress of Vienna - two dates that profoundly shaped the course of history. While in 1814, towards the end of the Napoleonic Wars, the concerted powers of Europe were architects of a new international system, the leaders of 1914 have famously been described as sleepwalkers, stumbling into war.

    Today we face complex interconnected challenges - from regional tensions in Ukraine, Syria, South Sudan and the South China Sea to global threats linked to climate change, growing inequality, and the legacy of the financial crisis. With instability rising as 2014 unfolds, how can a greater awareness of history help us deal with emerging threats and reduce the risk of future conflicts? What lessons from the past can help us restore public trust in the international system and the ability of leaders to deliver solutions? And what will future historians say about the leaders of today: were they architects or sleepwalkers?

    To create positive narratives for the future and revitalize our commitment to building a global community, the International Peace Institute (IPI) and Salzburg Global Seminar - with generous support from Canada and Norway - brought leaders from politics, diplomacy, the military, and business together with historians, journalists, political scientists, philosophers, and writers from around the world. This unique conversation took place between 25 and 29 August at beautiful Schloss Leopoldskron in Salzburg, former home to Max Reinhardt, the founder of the Salzburg Festival.

    The symposium combined a brief expert keynote addresses with open and informal discussions, complemented by a stimulating social program, including concerts and artistic talks.

    At a time of rapid change and escalating tensions, this high-level meeting will provide leading figures from different walks of life with the time and space to reflect on the lessons of the past in order to shape an international system fit for purpose in the 21st century.


    For more detailed information please contact the session's Program Director, Charles Ehrlich (cehrlich@salzburgglobal.org).


    Turki AlSaud
    Chairman, Board of Directors, King Faisal Centre for Research and Islamic Studies, Riadh, Saudi Arabia
    John Baird
    Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ottawa, Canada
    Ray Bartkus
    Artist, New York, United States
    Hans Brattskar
    Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Oslo, Norway
    Daryl Stuart Copeland
    Senior Fellow, Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute, Ottawa, Canada
    Ivica Dacic
    Minister of Foreign Affairs, Serbia
    Lyse Doucet
    Chief International Correspondent, BBC, London, United Kingdom
    Andrei Illarionov
    Senior Fellow, Cato Institute, Washington DC, United States
    Mark Jarrett
    Author of The Congress of Vienna and its Legacy, Lafayette, CA, United States
    Josef Joffe
    Publisher, Die Zeit , Hamburg, Germany
    Yerzhan Kazykhanov
    former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Kazakhstan
    Gerald Knaus
    Founder & Chairman, European Stability Initiative, Berlin, Germany
    Miroslav Lajcak
    Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, Slovak Republic
    Richard Lebow
    Professor of International Political Theory, Department of War Studies, King's College London
    John Lotherington
    Salzburg Global Seminar, United Kingdom
    Margaret MacMillan
    Warden of St Antony's College and Professor of International History, University of Oxford, United Kingdom
    Michael Moller
    Under Secretary-General of the United Nations, Acting Director General of the United Nations Office at Geneva, Switzerland
    Edward Mortimer
    Senior Program Advisor and former Senior Vice President and Chief Program Officer, Salzburg Global Seminar; Former Chief Speechwriter and Director of Communications to the Secretary General of the United Nations
    Amre Moussa
    Chairman, Committee of 50; former Foreign Minister of Egypt; former Secretary General of the League of Arab States
    Martin Nesirky
    Acting Director, United Nations Information Service, Vienna, Austria
    Antonio de Aguiar Patriota
    former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Brazil; Permanent Representative of Brazil to the United Nations
    Wolfgang Petritsch
    President, Austrian Marshall Foundation, Vienna, Austria
    Surin Pitsuwan
    Professor Emeritus, Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand; former Secretary General, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
    Ihor Prokopchuk
    Permanent Representative of Ukraine to the International Organizations in Vienna
    Hardeep Singh Puri
    Non-Resident Senior Advisor, International Peace Institute; Ambassador and former Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations
    Albert Ramdin
    Assistant Secretary General, Organization of American States, Washington DC, United States
    Oliver Rathkolb
    Professor, Institute for Contemporary History, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
    Terje Rod-Larsen
    President and CEO, International Peace Insitute, New York, United States
    James Rubin
    Visiting Scholar, The Rothermere American Institute, Oxford, United Kingdom
    Kevin Rudd
    former Prime Minister of Australia
    Karel zu Schwarzenberg
    former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Czech Republic
    Miroslav Sedivý
    Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, University of West Behemia, Czech Republic
    Liliya Shevtsova
    Senior Associate, Carnegie Moscow Center, Moscow, Russian Federation
    Nassim Nicholas Taleb
    Distinguished Professor of Risk, New York University's School of Engineering, New York, United States
    Vaira Vike-Freiberga
    President, Club de Madrid; former President of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
    Sundeep Waslekar
    President, Strategic Foresight Group, Mumbai, India
    Lamberto Zannier
    Secretary General, Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe (OSCE)


    Produced by the International Peace Institute, narrated by Margaret MacMillan.

    1814, 1914, 2014: Opening Presentation, Keynote and Discussion 

    The Sleepwalkers: Lessons from 1914

    The Architects: Lessons from 1814 

    Interview with Vaira Vike-Freiberga, Former President of Latvia

    Interview with John Baird, Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs