President and CEO, International Peace Insitute, New York, United States
Terje Rød-Larsen has been president of the International Peace Institute (IPI) since January 2005. He serves concurrently as UN Under-Secretary-General and the Secretary-General's Special Envoy for the Implementation of Security Council Resolution 1559 (2004). He established the Fafo Institute for Applied Sciences in Oslo. As director of Fafo, Mr. Rød-Larsen initiated a research project into the living conditions of Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, which led to a request by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the government of Israel in 1992 to open a secret channel for negotiations between the PLO and the government of Israel. The subsequent talks between Israelis and Palestinians concluded with the mutual recognition of Israel and the PLO and the Oslo Accords and the signing of the Declaration of Principles at the White House on September 13, 1993. In 1993, Mr. Rød-Larsen was appointed Ambassador and Special Adviser for the Middle East peace process to the Norwegian Foreign Minister. In mid-1994, he was appointed UN Special Coordinator in the Occupied Territories at the rank of Under-Secretary-General. In 1996, he became Norwegian Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Planning and Cooperation, before rejoining the United Nations. From 1999 to December 2004, he served as UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process and Personal Representative of the Secretary-General to the PLO and the Palestinian Authority, holding the rank of Under-Secretary-General. In 1999 he was appointed Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General to Lebanon and negotiated with Syria, Lebanon and Israel the Israeli withdrawal from Southern Lebanon and the end of the Israeli occupation. In 2005 he negotiated, on behalf of the UN Secretary-General, the Syrian military withdrawal from Lebanon.