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Learning from the Past: Promoting Pluralism and Countering Extremism 01 Dec - 03 Dec, 2016
JUSTICELearning from the Past: Promoting Pluralism and Countering Extremism01 Dec - 03 Dec, 2016

    Overview

    Eighty years since the first Jewish detainees were murdered in the Dachau Concentration Camp, the world is still grappling with the question of how the Holocaust was able to happen. In the decades following, the political slogan “Never Again” has rung hollow in societies affected by other 20th century genocides in Cambodia, Bosnia and Rwanda. The questions remain:  How can genocide be deterred? Can the lessons from the Holocaust and other genocides serve as a theoretical and practical barrier to the possibility of future generations committing mass atrocities? What can the global community learn from the international application of Holocaust education to help us understand how to prevent violence in the future? What practical role can Holocaust education play in societies still grappling with difficult legacies of mass violence and genocide?

    Scholars, educators and policy makers argue that Holocaust education can be an effective tool for educating students and the general public about the importance of protecting democracy and human rights, preventing racism and anti-Semitism, and promoting mutual respect between people of different races, religions, and cultures. 

    Since 2010, Salzburg Global Seminar has implemented the Holocaust Education and Genocide Prevention program in partnership with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Through a series of global and regional gatherings, the Program has engaged participants from more than 30 countries, the majority of which are non-Western countries outside the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance, and many of which have a recent experience of mass atrocities. The Program has established a network of individuals and NGOs across these countries, and strives to deepen and extend their collaborative work, allowing practitioners to identify cross-regional strategies to empower institutions and individuals with tools for ethical education and peaceful conflict resolution.

    Beginning with this session, and extending over the next three years, we will continue to focus on increasing the capacity of institutions with educational missions in South Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa that are using the lessons of the Holocaust to combat extremism, prevent genocide and promote pluralism.  The program encourages participants to examine the history of the Holocaust as an example of what can happen when hatred goes unchecked, and to search out contemporary connections, including the role played by anti-Semitism and intolerance in the participating countries.

    Participant Profile

    This meeting brought together a group of institutions (e.g. schools, museums, remembrance sites, etc.) seeking to maximize their impact on combatting extremism in specific countries in Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa, where recent mass atrocities and/or discrimination have made their countries particularly susceptible to a rise in extremism that threatens their communities, regions, and the world.  We also included participants from European countries with large and growing populations of non-European migrant backgrounds in which there have been problems of intolerance.  Participants provided a statement of intent illustrating the sort of strategy for institutional development that they intended to work on through their participation.

    Session Format

    Participants have exchanged expertise and have drafted plans to advance their institutions’ development. These plans have been linked to considerations of longer term strategies to counter extremism and decrease the likelihood of violence.  Highly interactive methodologies have encouraged participants to learn from the example of the Holocaust as well as from other atrocities, to react to and build upon one another’s plans.

    Outcomes and Impact

    Peer advisory visits to participating countries in the year following this meeting will connect educators, activists, and others dedicated to preventing mass atrocities and genocide to advance knowledge exchange, test institutional development plans, and design long-term institutional strategies to combat extremism and its consequences. 

    Participants will benefit over the long-term by becoming part of Salzburg Global Seminar’s network of leaders from civil society organizations, educational institutions, memorial and commemorative sites, museums and other specialists in the area of Holocaust education, genocide prevention, and counter-extremism.

    Session Chair

    SESSION CHAIR
    Klaus Mueller
    Representative for Europe, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Germany

    Participants

    PARTICIPANTS
    Anwar Akhtar
    Director, The Samosa Media Project, Pakistan
    PARTICIPANTS
    Ayub Ayubi
    Chairperson, Renaissance Foundation for Social Innovation, Pakistan
    PARTICIPANTS
    Youk Chhang
    Director, Documentation Center, Cambodia
    PARTICIPANTS
    Pinar Dost-Niyego
    Independent Historian, Member of Istanbul Bilgi University Jewish Communities Studies Unit (YATOÇ),Turkey
    PARTICIPANTS
    Hakima Fassi Fihri
    Director of International Relationships and Partnerships, International University of Rabat, Morocco
    PARTICIPANTS
    Richard Freedman
    Director, South African Holocaust and Genocide Foundation, and Director, Cape Town Holocaust Centre, South Africa
    PARTICIPANTS
    Dervis Hizarci
    Director, Kreuzberger Initiative Against Antisemitism, Germany
    PARTICIPANTS
    Barbara Ibrahim
    Founding Director, Gerhart Center for Philanthropy and Civic Engagement, American University of Cairo, Egypt
    PARTICIPANTS
    Saad Eddin Ibrahim
    Founder, Arab Organization for Human Rights, and Founder, Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies, Egypt
    PARTICIPANTS
    Fawad Javaid
    Lecturer of Pakistan Studies, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Pakistan
    PARTICIPANTS
    Albert Lichtblau
    Professor of History, University of Salzburg, Austria
    PARTICIPANTS
    Mubigalo Aloys Mahwa
    Executive Director, Interdisciplinary Studies Center, Rwanda
    PARTICIPANTS
    Nagwa Megahed
    Associate Professor of Comparative and International Education, American University of Cairo, Egypt
    PARTICIPANTS
    Najib Mokhtari
    Director, Mediterranean, North African, and Middle Eastern Studies, International University of Rabat, Morocco
    PARTICIPANTS
    Freddy Mutanguha
    Regional Director - East Africa, Aegis Trust, and Director, Kigali Genocide Memorial, Rwanda
    PARTICIPANTS
    Tali Nates
    Director, Johannesburg Holocaust and Genocide Centre, South Africa
    PARTICIPANTS
    Astrid Reisinger Coracini
    Director, Salzburg Law School on International Criminal Law, Humanitarian Law, and Human Rights Law, University of Salzburg, Austria
    PARTICIPANTS
    Sayana Ser
    Consultant, United Nations Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials, Cambodia
    PARTICIPANTS
    Tad Stahnke
    Director, Initiative on Holocaust Denial and Antisemitism, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, USA
    PARTICIPANTS
    Haydar Muntadhar
    Community Resilience Officer, Enforcement and Safety Division, London Borough of Newham, UK

    Program Director

    PROGRAM DIRECTOR
    Charles Ehrlich
    Program Director, Salzburg Global Seminar, Austria

    For more detailed information, please contact the Program Director, Charles Ehrlich (cehrlich@salzburgglobal.org).